Cumberland Pen

Estate Details


Associated People (5)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1829 [SY] - 1834 [LA] → Trustee and Executor
1809 [EA] - 1829 [EY] → Owner
1832 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Trustee and Executor
1834 [EA] - → Judgement creditor
1834 [EA] - → Not known

Possibly a judgement creditor as he was awarded a share in the slave compensation.


Associated Claims (1)

£4,775 17S 4D

Notes

Cumberland Pen was located in St. Catherine's between the northern and southern segments of Salt Pond Hut Pen. Stretching along the shore of Hunt's Bay from Passage Fort to the mouth of Salt River. It was a large property of more than 1,000 acres which was worked by 300 enslaved people at the time of emancipation. The taxable livestock on the plantation amounted to 250. The total income for Cumberland Pen was £6,218 in 1832. Cumberland Pen produced grass for sale, cattle and sheep as well as wood. On Joseph's death in 1829 the property descended to Thomas Barnes 'of Great Britain', Joseph's brother. Thomas employed Bartholomew Ibbott Williams (executor of Joseph's estate) as attorney and Samuel Sharpe Wortley as overseer. A detailed survey of Cumberland Pen was undertaken in 1848 by Thomas Harrison for McGeachy and Griffiths. The survey showed the use of the land; guinea grass covered 200 acres, guinea corn 43 acres, provision grounds 35 acres, common pasture 258 acres, ruinate 91 acres, woodland 166 acres, 50 acres of swampy ground and a mangrove forest of 323 acres.


Sources

Barry Higman, Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation maps and plans of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (Kingston, Institute of Jamaica, 1988), pp.224-6.


Estate Information (21)

What is this?

1809
[Number of enslaved people] 268(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 315  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11Cath.htm. The 1811 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter for 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 264(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 262  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812cat.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 207(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 143  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15cath.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 264(Tot) 123(F) 141(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Joseph Barnes as owner. Many names crossed out in this register. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/1 354-363
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 213(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 179  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 214(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 52  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 270(Tot) 120(F) 150(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Joseph Barnes as owner. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/2 515-516
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 321(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 456  
 

Registered to Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 283(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Joseph Barnes as owner. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/3 208
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 254(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 258  
 

Registered to Hon. Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24cath.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 217(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 237  
 

Registered to Hon. Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 293(Tot) 142(F) 151(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Joseph Barnes as owner. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/5 461
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 213(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 230  
 

Registered to Hon. Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 211(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 137  
 

Registered to Hon. Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al01.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 210(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 168  
 

Registered to Hon. Joseph Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29cathjohn.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 299(Tot) 147(F) 152(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Thomas Barnes as owner. Last return by Joseph Barnes in St Catherine. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/7 57
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 194(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland  
[Stock] 164  
 

Registered to Thomas Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831cath.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 150(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 192  
 

Registered to Thomas Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32cath.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 294(Tot) 150(F) 144(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of B.I. Williams as Executor and Trustee of Joseph Barnes Esquire Decd. Previously registered by Thomas Barnes as owner. Assumed to be Cumberland Pen and Halfway Tree.

 
T71/12 273
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 115(Tot)  
[Name] Cumberland Pen  
[Stock] 246  
 

Registered to Thomas Barnes.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Cath.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1839
[Name] Cumberland pen  
[Size] 1211  
 

Registered to Bartholomew Ibbott Williams.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1840) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40Catherin.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.