Mary Minto (née Gallimore)

29th May 1777 - ????

Claimant or beneficiary


Mary Minto, née Gallimore, daughter of William Gallimore and wife of Walter Minto. Awarded compensation for the estate of Water Valley in Trelawny, Jamaica.

  1. Mary Minto, née Gallimore, born 29/05/1777, baptised as Mary Michael on 29/09/1782, in Trelawny, Jamaica, daughter of William Gallimore and his wife Elizabeth (probably née Allen). An older brother and sister, George Williams born 22/06/1774, and Elizabeth Sarah Wisdom born 18/071775, were both baptised in Trelawny 16/12/1775. Two younger sisters, Julia Wisdom born 24/07/1779 and Judith Tucker born 21/08/1781, were baptised with Mary Michael. A younger brother, Thomas Jarvis, date of birth unrecorded, was baptised 06/01/1794 and another younger sister, Comfort, born 04/12/1796, was baptised 16/02/1799, both in Trelawny.

  2. William Gallimore possibly died 01/1799, Trelawny.

  3. Mary Gallimore, spinster, married Walter Minto Esq, both of the parish of Trelawny, 05/07/1809 at Trelawny. Walter Minto, born 22/11/1779 and baptised 24/04/1780 in Trelawny, was the son of Robert Minto, born circa 1743 in Scotland, and his wife, Elizabeth. Two younger sisters, Isabella born 10/07/1781 and Elizabeth Fletcher born 14/11/1782, were baptised 19/05/1783 in Trelawny.

  4. Robert Minto was the brother of Walter Minto, born Scotland, who was, in turn, the father of Walter Minto, the mathematician at Princeton.  Robert offered a position in Jamaica to the young Walter who refused it.  Walter’s brother, Thomas, took up the offer.

  5. Robert Minto involved in a court case re mortgage debts on Water Valley and Dry Valley plantations. Robert Minto died in May 1803, aged 63, and is recorded on a monumentall stone in the Roslin Castle Estate, parish of Trelawny.

  6. Walter Minto and Mary had five children baptised in Trelawny: Jarvis, born 10/09/1811 and baptised 17/04/1812, Sarah, born 01/12/1812 and baptised 19/03/1813, Robert, born 06/06/1810, and baptised 02/04/1811, Mary Eliza, born 14/11/1821 and baptised 23/01/1822 and Elizabeth Juliana, born 28/01/1814 and baptised 04/07/1815. Sarah was buried in Trelawny 13/07/1813 and Robert died 24/08/1814, recorded on the same gravestone as Robert Minto.  Robert’s age at death does not quite match his date of birth on his baptism record as he is given as ‘4 years, 8 months and 11 days’ but he is described on his grandfather’s memorial stone as ‘child of his son Walter Minto and Mary his wife’ so seems to be the same child. (The memorial records have been scanned and are full of inaccuracies and faults.)

  7. Walter Minto died 12/1830, aged 51, and is recorded on his father’s memorial stone at Roslin Castle.

  8. Possible entry for Jarvis on passenger list of ship John W Cater – sailed from Jamaica and arrived New York 12/12/1831. Age given as 23 so close to 1811birth year and occupation Army. (No other births/baptisms for a Jarvis Minto in Jamaica.) Also on passenger list from Havana to New York on the ship Adelaide, 30/03/1846. Shown as aged 35, Gentleman, country to which he belongs, England.

  9. At some point after this, Mary Minto, Walter’s widow, and at least Jarvis and Mary Eliza, travelled to Britain. In the 1841 census there is a possible entry for Jarvis, shown as a Merchant, aged 25 (rounded down to nearest 5), at King’s Quay Street, St Nicholas, Harwich, Essex, with James Bailey, a retired Pilot, and his wife, Mary. No definite sighting of his mother or his sister, Mary Eliza, but by 1851 both are in London: at 32 Cambridge Terrace, Paddington, London (Registration District Kensington) are Mary Minto, aged 70, Annuitant, born Jamaica (British Subject) and Mary Eliza Minto, her daughter, aged 28, Annuitant, born Jamaica (British Subject). (The full name, age and place of birth of Mary Eliza are a firm link back to the Trelawny baptisms). Jarvis is at 14 Cambridge Street, aged 40, unmarried, occupation Funded Property, born Jamaica.

  10. No sign of Mary Minto in the 1861 census but no obvious record of her death or burial nor of a will anywhere in Britain after 1851. The death registration in the March quarter of 1853 for a Mary Minto in the Registration District of St George in the East is unlikely to be the correct one as although the name, place and date fit well, the burial record shows her to be 78 and her abode to be the Workhouse.

  11. Mary Eliza Minto married Augustus Alexander Ruxton Esquire by licence 14/08/1852 at St John’s Church, Paddington. Her father shown as Walter Minto Esquire. No Minto witnesses.

  12. Jarvis Minto died 29/01/1871. Administration granted 08/05/1871: ‘Administration of the effects of Jarvis Minto late of 8 Prestonville-terrace Preston in the County of Sussex Gentleman a Bachelor who died 29 January 1871 at 10 York-grove Brighton in the said County was granted at Lewes to Mary Eliza Ruxton (Wife of Augustus Alexander Ruxton Gentleman) of Woodbine Villa St Leonard’s Green St Leonard’s-on-Sea in the said County the Sister and only Next of Kin’. Effects under £14,000 – but note added in pencil: ‘Resworn August 1879 under £18,000’. Mother and other siblings clearly deceased by 01/1871.

  13. 1861 census for Goudhurst, Kent: Augustus Ruxton, 37, Military Officer Capt(?), born Oxfordshire, with wife Mary Ruxton, 39, born West Indies, and three daughters, Mary Augusta, 8, Scholar, Katherine, 6, Scholar and Mable(sic) Hay, 5, Scholar, all born Middlesex, London, plus Housekeeper, Housemaid, Kitchen Maid and Nurse Maid.  In the 1871 census: at Woodbine Villa, St Leonard’s Green, St leonard’s-on-sea, Sussex, M. E. Ruxton, head of Household, married, 49, Annuitant, born Island of Jamaica, with daughters Mary A, 17, Katherine, 16 and Mabel H 14, all scholars and all born London, and one domestic servant. No sign of husband Augustus but in 1881 Augustus A Ruxton, 57, retired Officer 7th Fusiliers, born Ensham, Oxfordshire, is with his brother William J M Ruxton, Clergyman without care of souls, in Shirrenden, Horsmonden, Kent. Also in 1881: at 16 Sussex Gardens, Augustus A Ruxton, 56, retired Military Officer, born Oxfordshire, (double entry) his wife, Mary E, 59, born Jamaica, Trelawny, and three daughters – Mary A, 27, Katherine H, 26, and Mabel H, 24, all given as born Middlesex, Paddington, though no birth registration found for Mabel. Also a cook, a housemaid and a parlourmaid.  Augustus Ruxton died in 1890, aged 65 and in the 1891 census Mary Ruxton is still at 16 Sussex Gardens with daughter Mabel, two visitors, Robert A Fawcett, born Kent, and William H Fawcett, born Hastings, Sussex, plus three servants. Mary Eliza Ruxton died 02/05/1897, aged 76, in Paddington. No burial found but her will was proved 07/07/1897. Effects £2,939.19s.4d (Katherine Hume Ruxton, spinster).


T71/874: Trelawny claim no. 170.

  1. Jamaica Births and Baptisms 1752-1920 online at

  2. Jamaica Church of England Parish Registers for Trelawny 1771-1839 online at FamilySearch and The New Jamaica Magazine for January 1799 at [accessed 04/02/2013].

  3. Jamaica Church of England Parish Registers for Trelawny 1771-1839 online at; Jamaica Births and Baptisms 1752-1920 online at

  4. William L Clements Library Manuscripts Division Finding Aids: Minto-Skelton Papers 1757-1956 - Biography of William Minto at;focusrgn=bioghist;subview=standard;view=reslist [accessed 08/11/11] and Google Books: Encyclopaedia Perthensis at [accessed 08/11/11].

  5. [accessed 09/11/11]; Monumental inscriptions of the British West Indies from the earliest date by James Henry Lawrence-Archer at [accessed 08/11/11].

  6. Jamaica Births and Baptisms 1752-1920 online at FamilySearch; Jamaica Church of England Parish Registers for Trelawny 1771-1839 online at FamilySearch; Monumental inscriptions of the British West Indies from the earliest date by James Henry Lawrence-Archer at [accessed 08/11/11].

  7. [accessed 08/11/11].

  8., New York, 1820-1850 Passenger and Immigration Lists [database online];, New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 [database online].

  9. 1841 census online; 1851 census online.

  10. FreeUKGen, England and Wales Free BMD Database, Deaths, 1837-1983 [database online];, London, England, Deaths and Burials, 1813-1980 [database online].

  11., London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 [database online].

  12. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941.

  13. 1861 census online; 1871 census online; 1881 census online; England and Wales FreeBMD Death Indexes online; 1891 census online; England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941.

Further Information

Maiden Name
Walter Minto
Jarvis (1811-1871), Sarah (1812-1813), Robert (1810-1814), Mary Eliza (1821-1897), Elizabeth Juliana (1814)

Associated Claims (1)

£1,522 0s 11d

Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1817 [EA] - → Joint owner
1832 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner

Owner of a group of enslaved people on the Water Valley estate

Relationships (3)

Widow → Deceased Husband
Daughter-in-law → Father-in-law
Mother → Son

Addresses (1)

32 Cambridge Terrace, Paddington, London, Middlesex, London, England