John Bromley I of White River St Philip's Barbados and Horsheath Hall Cambs.

1652 - 1707


Slave-owner on Barbados and then MP for Cambridgeshire, the first of three generations of the family to sit for the county. In 1704 he settled two estates and the enslaved people attached to them on his son John Bromley II (q.v.) and the latter's new wife and kinswoman Mercy Bromley.


Shropshire Archives 3441/1-2 Description: Lease and release - Marriage Settlement 1. William Bromley of Holt Castle, Worcs., Esq. Mercy Bromley, eldest of the 2 daughters of William Bromley 2. John Bromley of Horseheath Hall, Cambridgeshire, Esq. John Bromley son and heir apparent of the said John Bromley 3. William Longueville of the Inner Temple, London, Esq. Nicholas Lechmere of Middle Temple, Esq.

In consideration of the marriage intended between John Bromley jnr. and Mercy Bromley and of John Bromley snr.'s agreement to the settlement of the manors, houses and lands in Cambridgeshire and his plantation or sugar work called Henley Plantation (350a), his plantation or sugar work called Clift Plantation (200a) with houses, tenements, windmills, boiling houses, cureing houses, outhouses, stables, negroes and cattle &c. William Bromley grants the Manor and Castle of Holt, Worcs., the Manor of Much Malverne alias Great Malverne, Worcs., the Manor of Wyke alias Wyke Episcopi in Worcestershire, with the farms, houses, cottages, mills, lands & c in the parishes of Holt, St John's Bedwardine in Bedwardine and Malverne Magna, and in Wick alias Wyche Episcopi, Lower Wyck and in Holbury, Worcs. The Manor of Shrawarden alias Shraden, Salop, the Manor of Felton Butler, and houses, cottages, farms, mills, lands, rectories & c of William Bromley in Shrawarden, Little Ness, Amsden, Montford, Forton, Milford, Hilley, Attcott, Felton Butler and Baschurch. To hold to William Longueville and Nicholas Lechmere on trusts:- to the use of William Bromley until the marriage, then to the use of William Bromley and his corporeal male heirs, in default to John Bromley jnr. and Mercy for their joint lives, and if John Bromley jnr. survives her, then to him for his life (if they haveacorporeal male heir, while such a male heir is alive), to the use of Longueville and Lechmere for the lives of John and Mercy to preserve the contingent remainders, then to the first son of Mercy by John and the male heirs of such son, in default to the use of 2-4th and other sons of Mercy and John and their male heirs, and in default to William Bromley, his heirs and assigns forever. William Bromley has declared and agreed with John Bromley snr. that if the above manors, castle and lands shall not come and remain to John Bromley jnr. or his son as above, then £15,000 is to be raised one calendar month after the death of William Bromley, so that if there is an eldest son and one or more daughter(s) or younger son(s) or if one or more daughter(s) and a younger son(s) of the marriage in the lifetime or after the death of John Bromley jnr., then £5,000, part of the £15,000 is to go to such daughter and daughters or to such younger son(s) in such proportion as John Bromley jnr. shal direct or in default equally among them, the £10,000 being the residue to be disposed of as John Bromley jnr. thinks best or appoints by his will, in default of such direction the £10,000 is to be divided among the daughter(s) or to any younger son(s) in equal proportions. If John Bromley jnr. dies without a corporeal male heirs by Mercy or if such male heir dies without issue male before attaining 21 years and there shall then be any daughter(s) of John Bromley jnr. by Mercy then such daughter(s) and child(ren) of any such daughter(s) as shall happen to die leaving issue shall have £5,000 part of the £15,000 between daughter(s) and child(ren) of such daughter(s) as shall so die, in equal proportions, and £10,000 is to go to John Bromley jnr., his executors, administrators and assigns. If John Bromley jnr. dies in the lifetime of William Bromley without issue by Mercy the £10,000 is to be raised and paid to John Bromley snr. within one month of the death of William Bromley. If Mercy dies in the lifetime of William Bromley her father without a child by John Bromley jnr. then £10,000 to John Bromley jnr. within one month after William's death. It is agreed that William Bromley shall have the power to charge the Manors of Holt, Wicke and Much Malverne for raising £15,000, £10,000 and £10,000, and power to charge the Manors of Shrawarden and Felton Butler with sums not over £15,000 and interest as William Bromley directs.

Proviso that all charges made shall be subject to such jointure for life as Margarett Bromley wife of William Bromley has limited to her for her life. It shall be lawful for William Bromley to increase such jointure as she has to not over £1,000 p.a. for her life. William may make or limit any estate(s) to Mercy for her life. If the re is an eldest son and one or more younger son(s) or one or more daughters, John Bromley when in possession of the manors & c is to charge so much as he thinks fit with payment of £5,000 with interest at 5% p.a. for such child(ren). William Bromley may let any part of the property for a number of years determinable on the lives of John Bromley when in possession of the premises during the joint lives of himself and Mercy, and after the death of Mercy may lease parts of the premises as are accustomed to be leased. William Bromley may annull and revoke the uses.

Date: 14 & 15 July 1704

Further Information

Married but no further details

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1707 [EY] → Owner

Legacies Summary

Political (1)

election →
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire
1705 - 1707

Relationships (2)

Father → Son
Grandfather → Grandson

Addresses (1)

Horsheath Hall, Cambridgeshire, East Anglia, England