30th Aug 1770 - 3rd Oct 1846
Charles Andrew Mills (1770-1846), fourth generation of a long-established family on St Kitts, claimed compensation as co-trustee of his father Peter Mathew Mills (q.v.).
Charles Andrew Mills was born 30/08/1770 and baptised 07/09/1770 at St Mary’s, St Marylebone, London, the son of Peter Matthew Mills and his wife, Catherine. He had three older brothers: George Galway, born 22/10/1765 at St. Kitts, Peter Matthew, baptised 11/06/1767 at St Mary’s, St Marylebone, London and Will Hamilton born 02/05/1769 and baptised 12/05/1769, also at St Mary’s, St Marylebone. There was also a younger sister, Cornelia Soulegre, date and place of birth and baptism not known. Will Hamilton Mills possibly died at some point fairly early on as no further evidence of him and he is not included in the list of surviving children when his father, Peter Matthew, died.
Peter Matthew Mills senior was the ‘Only son and Heir of Matthew Mills of St Kitts by Cornelia, dau and coheiress of Col. Peter Soulegre of the same Island, from Languedoc; born 1743-4. Inherited in 1760 the plantations of his said grandfather.’ According to his entry in the Cambridge University Alumni he was born 23/03/1743 and was educated at Westminster School. School list gives ‘Mills, Peter Matthew, only son of Matthew Mills, of St Christopher’s, West Indies, by Cornelia, elder daughter of Col. Peter Soulgre of St Christopher’s; b March 23 1743; at school under Markham; Christ’s Coll. Camb. (adm. Fello commoner Oct. 23, 1760); resided till Dec. 1761; m 1762 Catherine, daughter of Dr. William Hamilton; d 1792.’ (Marriage date of 1762 contradicts another source: see note 6). Cambridge University Alumni gives same details: ‘Name: Peter Matthew. Mills/College: CHRIST'S/Entered: Michs. 1760/Born: 23 Mar 1743/More Information: Adm. Fell.-Com. (age 17) at CHRIST'S, Oct. 23, 1760. [Only] s. of Matthew. B. [Mar. 23, 1743], at St Christopher's [West Indies]. School, Westminster. Matric. Michs. 1760. Resided until Dec. 1761. Married, 1762, Catherine, dau. of Dr William Hamilton. (Record of Old Westminsters; Peile, II. 271.)’
He is also listed as having literary interests: ‘Name: Peter Matthew Mills/Dates: 1751-1775/Gender: Male/Society/club membership:Societies/Clubs: Christ College, Cambridge, fellow commoner/Source Date: 1762/Source Info: Subscribed to Poems. By Robert Lloyd, A.M., 1762, LLOYD, Robert. London/Subject: poetry’ and also ‘Peter Matthew Mills/Dates: 1751-1775/Title: Esq/Gender: Male/Source Date: 1766/Source Info: Subscribed to Miscellanies, in Prose and Verse. By Mrs. Catherine Jemmat, Daughter of the late Admiral Yeo, of Plymouth, and Author of her own Memoirs, 1766, JEMMAT, Catherine. London/Subject: literature’.
The biography of his eldest son, George Galway Mills, states that when he returned to St Kitts he was the fourth generation of the family to reside there: ‘Mills represented the fourth generation of his family settled on St. Kitts, where they intermarried with the leading planter families. His kinsmen in Parliament included Sir John William de la Pole, William Colhoun and Sir Ralph Payne.’ This means that Charles Andrew Mills came from three generations of the Mills family resident on St Kitts. Charles’ grandfather, Matthew Mills, father of Peter Matthew senior, was described thus: ‘This Mr Mills lived sometime at Richmond in Surrey and married a daughter and co-heir of Colonel Soulegre: (the other daughter married Stephen Theodore Janssen, esq, Lord Mayor of London in 1755.) He went over to St Christopher, Antigua etc to look after his estates there and was barbarously murdered.’. A transcript of the murder trial, including this note, can be read in A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Misdemeanours from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783 Volume XVIII by Thomas B Howell.
Another reference is also found in Settler Society in the English Leeward Islands, 1670-1776 by Natalie Zacek: ‘On Friday, January 5 1753, John Barbot, a twenty-five-year-old attorney-at-law, was arraigned at the Court of Oyer and Terminator in Basseterre for the murder of Matthew Mills, Esquire. Barbot, the court alleged, had shot Mills at sunrise on the shore of Frigate Bay, near the salt ponds on the desolate and sparsely populated eastern end of St Kitts. The prosecution, led by John Baker, solicitor general of the Leeward Islands, made its opening statement: On November 7 1752, on the occasion of the sale of a piece of property called Bridgewater’s Estate, on the nearby island of Nevis, Barbot had quarrelled with Mills about a matter relating to the terms of the estate. Several witnesses claimed that they had heard Barbot several days later, on November 10, declaring to a gathering of people in Basseterre that ‘there was a certain gentleman in this island, whom he would either kill or be killed by in less than a fortnight.’ Baker stated that several witnesses had seen Barbot practicing shooting a pistol later that same week and that others had seen him hastily drawing up an impromptu will at Hugh O'Donnell's tavern in Charlestown, Nevis, on November 18. On the following day, November 19, John McKenley, overseer of Spooner's Plantation near Frigate Bay, was, as he testified, awakened at daybreak by a young male slave named Coomy, whom he recognized as the property of Matthew Mills, being “the boy who always ran with the deceased.”’ This murder seems to have happened soon after Matthew Mills was knighted in 1752. Also in Settler Society in the English Leeward Islands, 1670-1776 by Natalie Zacek: “Matthew Mills, one of St Kitts’s wealthiest men, had chosen as a spouse Cornelia Soulegre, whose father was a Huguenot from Languedoc and whom Leeward governor Hart described as ‘not only the wealthiest man’ on the island but ‘in all respects a worthy and discreet person’.
This Matthew Mills was, in turn, the son of an earlier Matthew Mills, probably born circa 1671 and who died circa 1744. Peter Matthew Mills ‘Inherited in 1760 the plantations of his said grandfather’, presumably when he matriculated and left school (see note 2 above), his father having been murdered in 1752. Given the number of generations listed as resident in St Kitts, this earlier Matthew Mills must be the one listed in St Christopher’s, January 11th 1707-8 An account of all and singular the white men, women and children at present residing and inhabiting in this Her Majesties island. As also of all slaves, men, women and children, belonging unto the said inhabitants. He is given as Mathew Mills, aged 36, with the white family consisting of 1 man, 1 woman, 2 boys and 1 girl, with 21 men, 24 women, 4 boys and 8 girls as enslaved persons, held ‘In company’ with William Woodley, aged 32. This same Matthew was also Speaker for the Assembly and Chief Justice.
Peter Matthew Mills, father of Charles Andrew Mills, married Catherine Hamilton, daughter of Dr William Hamilton. Date of marriage given in one document as 1758 but this seems unlikely as he would have only been fifteen and probably still at school. The date of 1762 given in the Cambridge University Alumni seems more realistic. No place or date of birth known for Catherine but it is likely that she was from St Kitt’s as there were Hamiltons there. Peter Matthew is described as ‘of Twickenham’ but the family clearly spent time on St Kitts. Peter died in Twickenham in 1792 and his will was proved in Middlesex in July 1792. Surviving children named as George Galway, Peter Matthew, Charles Andrew and Cornelia Soulegre.
Little known about Charles Andrew Mills. Not on lists for Westminster School nor for Cambridge University. At some point he moved to Rome and is recorded as the last man to hold a dinner party on the Palatine. He died 03/10/1846, probably unmarried, without any descendants, and is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome. His memorial stone (stone 177) simply says ‘Charles Andrew Mills Esq 1846’.
Much more known on George Galway Mills. Not on lists for Westminster nor for Cambridge University but apparently called to the Bar, though did not practice. Second Lieutenant Gloucestershire Yeomanry 1797. Member of Council for St Kitts 1800. Married Amelia Norton, ‘a lady of considerable fortune’, date and place unknown, and had at least four sons plus daughters. Was Member of Parliament for Wallingford (1804-1806), Mitchell (1807-1808) and Winchelsea (1818-1820). Confined in King’s Bench for debts of over £43,000 1806/1807. Wife died 1820 and he was offered a post in Australia. Became Registrar of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Committed suicide 14/02/1828.
Nothing further known on Peter Matthew Mills or Cornelia Soulegre Mills. Both apparently died without issue.
T71/879: St Kitts claim no. 673.
Ancestry.com, London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database online]; www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1790-1820/member/mills-george-galway-1765-1828 [accessed 13/11/11]; Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919), Vol III p. 49 at http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/64j?search=cornelia+soulegre+mills [accessed 13/11/11].
Caribbeana Vol III p 49 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/64?search=peter+matthew+mills [accessed 13/11/11]; Ancestry.com, Cambridge University Alumni 1261-1900 [database online]; Ancestry.com, Old Westminsters, Up to 1927 [database online].
Ancestry.com, UK and US Directories, 1680-1830 [database online].
www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1790-1820/member/mills-george-galway-1765-1828; A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason and Other Misdemeanours from the Earliest Period to the Year 1783 by Thomas B Howell at http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=J3kDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PT624&lpg=PT624&dq=john+barbot+frigate+bay&source=bl&ots=nv51VG_5Tv&sig=FTdcSGvGSJBr591_JXnvnFawJrM&hl=en&ei=4gTBTounOsi2hAfFqeCyBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=john%20barbot%20frigate%20bay&f=false.
Settler Society in the English Leeward Islands, 1670-1776 by Natalie Zacek at http://ebooks.cambridge.org/chapter.jsf?bid=CBO9780511760907&cid=CBO9780511760907A015 [accessed 13/11/11]; http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/532j?search=peter+matthew+mills [accessed 14/11/11].
Caribbeana p. 136 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/156?search=mathew+mills
Caribbeana p. 49 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/64?search=peter+matthew+mills [accessed 13/11/11]; Cambridge University Alumni online; Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills Index 1750-1800 online; http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/156?search=mathew+mills [accessed 13/11/11].
Rome the Second Time: 15 Itineraries That Don't Go to the Coliseum by Dianne Bennett and William Graebner at http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=BN5oIno4VqQC&pg=PA72&lpg=PA72&dq=charles+andrew+mills+rome&source=bl&ots=pL3iwbO3Wy&sig=WYBGM8PK-hm51njcVV8ZnQEE_mg&hl=en&ei=20nATtmCGM-4hAfZ1dzMBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&sqi=2&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=charles%20andrew%20mills%20rome&f=false [accessed 13/11/11].
Ancestry.com, Old Westminsters, Up to 1927 [database online]; Ancestry.com, Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900 [database online]; Caribbeana p. 49 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/64j?search=mathew+mills [accessed 13/11/11]; www.acdan.it/protcem/work/pcEN.html [accessed 13/11/11]; http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/2183185?searchTerm=George Mills&searchLimits=l-decade=182 [accessed 13/11/11].
Ancestry.com, Old Westminsters, Up to 1927 [database online]; Ancestry.com, Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900 [database online]; www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1790-1820/member/mills-george-galway-1765-1828 [accessed 13/11/11]. Caribbeana p. 49 http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00075409/00003/64?search=peter+matthew+mills [accessed 13/11/11].
Christ’s College, Cambridge [Admitted 1760; did not graduate ]
£2,929 11s 4d
His brother George Galway Mills became Registrar of the Supreme Court of New South Wales in December...
Son → Father