Colonel Charles Price

1678 - 1730


Charles Price was the youngest son of Lieutenant Francis Price and Elizabeth Coxon.

He purchased Worthy Park from the widow of his eldest brother Francis on 10 November 1701 for £775 Jamaica currency, along with 22 enslaved people and all the buildings, cattle, hogs and planted crops. When his brother Thomas died in 1705 Charles became the sole owner of Worthy Park in its entirety.

Like his father before him Charles was rich in land but did not have ready capital and his population of enslaved Africans was small when he first started out. In 1719 he purchased 1,000 acres in Old Woman's Savanna from John Laugher his neighbour for £150. In 1725 Charles acquired three of the Rose family estates in St. Thomas in the Vale - Savanna Plantation or Old Works, Burton's, and New Works (thereafter known as Rose Hall). The Rose male line ended with Hon. Thomas Rose, the surviving son of Hon. Francis Rose and Elizabeth, the sister of Charles Price. Thomas Rose, who had married Elizabeth Fuller had no children and his will of 7 November 1724 nominated Charles and Thomas Price as the heirs of his holdings. This arrangement was threatened by Thomas Rose's mother who claimed that by her husband's will the estates should revert to her for life and then to John Rose of London. Charles Price bought out John Rose prior to his sister Elizabeth's death for the sum of £14,000 Jamaica currency. Included in this transaction were the three contiguous estates in St. Thomas in the Vale, an undeveloped area in St. Mary's known as Bagnell's Thicket (where the Decoy was built), a large parcel of land at Halfway Tree and two houses in Spanish Town.

He focused his efforts on building up Worthy Park rather than the estate at Guanaboa. He used the assets at Rose Hall to develop Worthy Park so that the two properties were almost equal in terms of sugar production and the enslaved population. In 1731 Worthy Park and its great house were valued at £15,395. Charles's will gives an indication of Worthy Park House during his time. The house was wooden and relatively modest, especially given that he and his wife Sarah had thirteen children. Beds were listed in every room although some luxury items including silver valued at £350, a clock and ten family pictures were also included in the description.

Charles Price lived at Worthy Park however before his death he was building an elaborate house in Spanish Town. Like his father and brothers he served in the St. John's militia, as a Justice of the Peace and in the Jamaica Assembly (although he was expelled in 1725 for persistent non-attendance). He married Sarah, the daughter of Philip Edmunds of Jamaica. Eight of his thirteen children died before him. A memorial inscription was carved on the request of his son Sir Charles Price and can be found at the Guanaboa parish church.

Charles Price of St John, Esquire. Estate probated in Jamaica in 1731. Slave-ownership at probate: 499 of whom 278 were listed as male and 221 as female. 103 were listed as boys, girls or children. Total value of estate at probate: £22,273.92 Jamaican currency of which £15,890 currency was the value of enslaved people. Estate valuation included £124.56 currency cash, £925 currency debts and £350 currency plate.


Michael Craton and James Walvin, A Jamaican Plantation: The History of Worthy Park 1670-1970 (London: W. H. Allen, 1970), pp.46-70.

Trevor Burnard, Database of Jamaican inventories, 1674-1784.

Further Information

Sarah Edmunds
Elizabeth, Sarah, Charles, Katherine, Thomas, John, Thomas Rose, Deborah, Deborah, Elizabeth, Francis, Sarah, Phillip

Estates worth more than £22,000 in Lluidas Vale and St. Thomas in the Vale. To his wife Sarah he bequeathed the house under construction in Spanish Town, with orders that it should be completed using money from his estate at Lluidas Vale, along with nine 'house slaves'. For his daughter Sarah he left £5000 for her dowry and education - £3000 from the prfits of Rose Hall and the rest from Worthy Park. She also inherited land at Old Woman's Savanna and eight 'house slaves'. In the event of the death of his wife Sarah, her guardianship was entrusted to Charity Edmunds, her aunt who was herself bequeathed an annuity of £60. Rose Hall, Halfway Tree, the Rose houses and storehouses in Spanish Town, and the holdings in St. Anns's were left to Charles's oldest sons Charles and Thomas. Worthy Park and its great house as well as the reversion of the new house in Spanish Town - later Lluidas House - were left to his youngest sons John and Thomas Rose (both minors). They also inherited 'all other my lands in the parishes of St. John's, St. Mary's, St. Ann's, and St. Dorothy's and elsewhere within the island.' His executors were his wife and eldest son. His three nominated trustees and guardians were Dr. John Charnock and Thomas Corker of St. John's, and George Thorpe of Spanish Town. These men were entitled to buy and sell produce, stock and enslaved people, and to invest money and sell off the land if necessary. He made provisions for the education of his children in England and also for them to purchase land there should they wish to settle there permanently.

Plantation owner

Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1727 [SY] - 1730 [EY] → Owner
1701 [SY] - 1730 [EY] → Owner

Relationships (7)

Son → Father
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Father → Son
Father → Son
Father → Son
Grandfather → Grandson

Inventories (1)