George Brooks the elder

???? - 1776


Planter in St Elizabeth, Jamaica. Mother Elizabeth, father George Brooks 'the eldest' whose will (dated 03/03/1748) was entered in Jamaica 23/11/1750.

Had seven children by Mary Powell "a free mulatto woman" baptised in Jamaica 19/09/1761 (Ann born c. 1746, Jane born 1748, Mary 1750, Martha 1752, James 1755, Richard 1757 and Joseph 1760. Another son John by Mary Powell born 1770 and baptised 1776 in Jamaica. His will makes provision for these reputed children and more as well as for their mother and mentions at least one of his sons is being educated in London.

Left the bulk of his real estate to his nephews John, George and Christopher Brooks.

George Brookes was listed in the Jamaican Quit Rent books for 1754 as the owner of 6015 acres of land in St Elizabeth.

George Brooks senior contributed £19 to the University of Pennsylvania following Dr John Morgan's fundraising tour of the West Indies in 1772-1773.

George Brooks, junior of St Elizabeth, planter. Estate probated in Jamaica in 1776. Slave-ownership at probate: 47 of whom 28 were listed as male and 19 as female. 0 were listed as boys, girls or children. Total value of estate at probate: £2877.5 Jamaican currency of which £2720.5 currency was the value of enslaved people. Estate valuation included £0 currency cash, £0 currency debts and £0 currency plate.


Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919), Vol. III pp. 170-172. Oliver gives the George Brooks who died c.1750 as 'senior' or 'the elder.'

'A List of landholders in the Island of Jamaica together with the number of acres each person possessed taken from the quit rent books in the year 1754', TNA CO 142/31 transcribed at

William Smith, Joseph Hopkinson, and Plunket Fleeson Glentworth, Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Minute Books, Volume 2, 1768-1779 p. 76, entry for 13/12/1773. Note amounts are in Jamaican currency.

Trevor Burnard, Database of Jamaican inventories, 1674-1784.

Further Information


George Brooks* of the parish of St Eliz., county of Cornwall, Island of Jamaica, Esq. Will dated 10 April 1779 [sic]. To my mother Eliz. B. an annuity of £50 c. To a free mulatto woman called Mary Powell who lives with me an annuity of £20 c. and provisions, furniture, plate, china, &c., 7 slaves, and at her death to Jane Coles, dau. of Mary Powell. To Ann Sherman, widow of Nicholas Sherman, and to Jane Coles, Mary Brooks, Martha Brooks, Priscilla Brooks, Ruth Brooks, daus. of Mary Powell, each a negro woman, and if any die under 21 to survivors. To Jane Coles £700 c. within 2 years. To Ann Sherman, Mary B., Martha B., Priscilla B., and Ruth B. £700 c. each on 7 July 1791 with interest or at marriage. To James Brooks, Richard B., Joseph B., Edward B., John B., sons of Mary Powell, each a negro man at 21. To James and Richard B. each £100 c. yearly until 7 July 1791. Joseph B., now under the care of Mr Thomas Gowland, merchant in London, to be educated and £100 c. a year on leaving school until 7 July 1791. Similar provision for Edward and John B. until 7 July 1791, when John will be 21, and £300 each for apprenticeship. To my nephew John B., s. of my brother John B., and my nephew George B. and Chr. B., sons of my bro. Chr. B., all my interest in those lands my father left to my brothers Sam. B. and Thomas B., and who died without issue and slaves. To Jane Coles those 2 parcels of land in Santa Cruz which I purchased of Mrs. Eliz. Brooks. To my friends Thomas Chambers and John Harriott, both of the parish of St Eliz., Esqres, Dr. John Fairbairn, and Richard Huggins Read of the p. of Vere, Esq., all my lands and slaves and all personal estate on trust as to those 2 pieces of land at Santa Cruz left me by my father, one piece whereof was patented by Ben. Rushton for 40 acres, and the other of 60 acres patented in the name of Tho. Davis, whereon my dwelling house stands, to permit Mary Powell to occupy it for her life and to manage the rest and pay annuities and legacies and on 7 July 1791 convey to my said 3 nephews all those lands left me by my father, and convey to my 2 nephews Geo. and Chr. B. those two parcels of land I purchased of Fra. Gale, Esq., and Geo. French of 1000 acres called the Cod Pen, afterwards known as the Hounslow estate, to manumit my slave Harry, and pay all residue to the 5 sons of Mary Powell, and I empower my trustees to sell that piece of land I purchased of Geo. French called Ridge Penn. Trustees to be Executors and Guardians. Witnessed by Thomas Myers, E. M. ...., Alexander Ricketts. Sworn by Alex. Ricketts 20 Sept. 1777 before William Mitchell. Recorded in Libro 44, fo. 162.


Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1777 [EA] - → Owner
1777 [EA] - 1780 [LA] → Previous owner

Legacies Summary

Cultural (1)

University of Pennsylvania...... 
notes →
William Smith, Joseph Hopkinson, and Plunket Fleeson Glentworth, Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania Minute Books, Volume 2, 1768-1779 p. 76, entry for 13/12/1773. Note amounts are in...

Relationships (4)

Uncle → Nephew
Uncle → Nephew
Notes →
Oliver [Caribbeana Vol. II] shows George Brooks the younger, son of Christopher Brooks, as the nephew of George Brooks the...
Great-uncle → Great-nephew
Notes →
Oliver shows George Brooks the elder as the great-uncle of George Brooks of...
Son → Father

Inventories (1)