Sir Richard Neave 1st Bart.

2nd Nov 1731 - 28th Jan 1814


London merchant, father of Sir Thomas Neave (q.v.) and purchase and redeveloper of Dagnam Park in Essex. Left £150,000 at death. His sons-in-law included Beeston Long and the Rev. George Trevelyan.

  1. Will of Sir Richard Neave of Dagnam Park proved 03/03/1814. In terms of property in the Caribbean, he secured an annuity to his wife of £2200 p.a. on estates in England and on a piece of land in Antigua that he said he had bought of Gilbert Francklyn and that was leased to the government [in a codicil he left a further £10,000 in trust as additional security for her annuity]. His main heir was his son Thomas, but he left all his interest in 'a certain plantation, negroes premises with their appurtenances in the island of St Vincent' that he had bought jointly with John Purling and Thomas Fitzhugh to his son Richard, and his property and enslaved people on Dominica to his son John. He left monetary legacies to his daughters, including adding £2000 to the £6000 already committed under the marriage settlement of his daughter Harriet Trevelyan (q.v.).


W.D. Rubinstein, Who were the rich? A biographical directory of British wealth-holders Vol. 1 1809-1839 (2009) p. 74 reference 1814/8. Simon Donoghue and Don Tait, Harold Hill and Noak Hill: a history (Havering: London Borough of Havering Library Service, 2013) contains much information on the legacies of the 5 generations of the Neave family who lived on the Dagnam Park estate between 1772 and 1940. Dagnams, the house built by Sir Richard Neave between 1772 and 1776, was demolished in 1950. The merchant firm of Richard Neave & Son of Mark Lane, which failed in 1777, appears to have been a separate family, or at least a separate branch, London Gazette 11814 14 October 1777 p. 3.

  1. PROB 11/1554/36.

Further Information

Frances Bristowe
Thomas; Catherine Mary; Caroline Hannah; Frances Louisa; Harriet; John; Richard
Wealth at death

Associated Estates (3)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1777 [EA] - 1777 [LA] → Mortgage Holder
1772 [EA] - 1775 [LA] → Mortgage Holder
1768 [EA] - 1814 [LA] → Owner

Legacies Summary

Commercial (3)

Bank of England
notes →
Director from...
Name partner
Senior partner
Rich. & Thos. Neave
West India merchant  

Physical (1)

Country house
Dagnams [Built] 
description →
House built at Dagnam Park, Essex by Sir Richard Neave between 1772 and 1776. Demolished in 1950. ...

Relationships (11)

Father → Son
Father → Daughter
Father → Daughter
Father → Son
Notes →
James Neave the former partner of Rawson Aislabie was identified as the brother of Sir Richard Neave in the Gentleman's Magazine notice of the death of Rawson Aislabie in...
Father → Son
Business associates
Notes →
Neave and Purling together with Thomas Fitzhugh were joint purchasers of an estate and enslaved people form Duncan Campbell in 1791. Neave still held an inteterest when he made his will, proved in...
Business associates
Notes →
Neave and Fitzhugh together with John Purling were joint purchasers of an estate and enslaved people from Duncan Campbell in 1791. Neave still held an inteterest when he made his will, proved in...
Mortgagee → Mortgagor
Notes →
LBS has inferred the Richard Neave who with his partner John Willett was mortgagee of Patrick Connor to have been the man who late became Sir Richard Neave bart. ...
Business partners
Notes →
Truman was the uncle of Sir Richard...
Business partners
Notes →
The Richard Neave who was partner with John Willett in the 1770s has been inferred by LBS to have been Sir Richard Neave...

Addresses (1)

Dagnam Park, Essex, South-east England, England