William Praed

1747 - 1833


Banker, of William Praed & Co., and slave-owner in Jamaica, part-owner of the Waterhouse and Tunbridge estates in Jamaica from c. 1792 until c.1817. MP for St Ives for twenty years and then more briefly for Banbury. The 'property' in Jamaica, including enslaved people, came to him through his wife Elizabeth Tyringham Praed, who was co-heir with her sister Sarah Backwell (q.v.) of their uncle James Gibbon (q.v.).

  1. Praed's rebuilding of Tyringham, undertaken by John Soane, was intended to be funded in part by the sale of Praed's Jamaica property, the sale of which fell through in 1807. Soane was repaid the outstanding amount of £13,000 only in 1817.


The Praed banking firm was a predecessor of Lloyds: [accessed 19/11/2020]; https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1754-1790/member/praed-william-1747-1833;

  1. Gillian Darley, John Soane: an Accidental Romantic (Yale, 1999) pp. 106-112.

Further Information

Elizabeth Tyringham Backwell

Associated Estates (4)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1792 [EA] - 1801 [LA] → Joint owner
1792 [EA] - 1801 [LA] → Joint owner
1809 [EA] - 1817 [LA] → Owner
1819 [EA] - → Not known

Possibly former owner of this pen. Certainly he had previously owned most of this group of enslaved people.

Legacies Summary

Commercial (2)

Senior partner
Praed Mackworth
Grand Junction Canal
Canal Company  

Physical (2)

Tyringham, Bucks 
description →
Landscaping designed by Humphry Repton before 1794. ‘Gazetteer compiled with John Phibbs’ in Stephen Daniels, Humphry Repton, Landscape Gardening and the Geography of Georgian England (London:...
Country house
Tyringham Hall [Built] 
description →
Grade I country house rebuilt by Sir John Soane for William Praed c.1793-1797. Praed's rebuilding of Tyringham was intended to be funded in part by the sale of Praed's Jamaica property, the sale of...

Political (1)

election →
St. Ives Cornwall
1774 - 1775
election →
St. Ives Cornwall
1780 - 1786
election →
Banbury Oxfordshire
1806 - 1808

Relationships (3)

Other relatives
Notes →
William Praed had married Elizabeth Tyringham Backwell, the daughter of James Gibbon's sister...
Brother-in-law → Sister-in-law
Other relatives
Notes →
Thomas Smith married Susan Mackworth Praed c. 1800, a cousin of William Praed...

Addresses (1)

Tyringham Hall, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, Central England, England