James Lawrence of Hazelymph

1751 - 1798


Son of James Lawrence of Fairfield (q.v), and owner of Hazelymph.

Married Mary Lawrence (neé Brissett) with whom he had nine children, including James Charles Lawrence and John Tharp(e) Lawrence.

  1. Another son, William Hudson Lawrence, disappeared from official view until re-emerging in 1881 in Charlcombe, near Bath, aged 88. The census describes him as "head of household, Captain Royal Artillery on half-pay, born Jamaica, British citizen." He died in 1884, aged 91.

  2. Another son, Richard Brissett Lawrence, was baptised in 1791 and matriculated Balliol College, Oxford, in 1813. As Rev. Richard Brissett Lawrence he registered one enslaved man in St James in 1817.

  3. A daughter, Emily/Amelia Lawrence, was baptised 1784, and married Frederick Burt Zincke in 1811.She was living in Bedford, England with her sister Sarah and her daughter Mary in 1841 and with her sister Sarah in 1851. Zincke became the owner of Endeavour estate and died after Emancipation. Emily/Amelia Zincke died in or near Bedford in 1858.

  4. Two further daughters, Sarah Brissett Lawrence and Mary Brissett Lawrence, were baptised in 1779 and 1780 respectively. Both were slave-owners who registered enslaved people in Hanover between 1817 and 1832 (or else Frederick B. Zincke or John Campbell did so as their attorneys). By 1832, Sarah Brissett Lawrence held 11 enslaved people, and Mary Brissett Lawrence 7 enslaved people. The latter is likely the Mary B. Lawrence who successfully claimed for the loss of six enslaved people in Hanover (Hanover Claim 461).

We are grateful to David Barker for his assistance in compiling this entry.


Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 6 pp. 121-125, 'Lawrence of Jamaica'.

  1. Caribbeana VI – Lawrence of Jamaica pedigree and documents, via Jamaican Family Search.

  2. Census 1881; Civil Registration Death Index, Bath, Somerset, 1884; Probate Records 1884.

  3. Oxford University Alumni; Slave Register, St James, 1817; Caribbean Select Marriages.

  4. Jamaica, Select Births and Baptisms; Jamaica, Hanover Census 1823. Census 1841 and 1851 Bedfordshire; Civil Registration Death Index, Bedfordshire, 1858.

  5. Slave Registers, Hanover, Jamaica, 1817-1832; Jamaica, Hanover Census, 1823, 1; LBS database; Census 1861; Civil Registration Death Index, Reading, Berkshire, 1870, Q3.

Further Information

Mary Brissett
James Charles; John Tharp(e); William Hudson; Rev. Richard Brissett; Emily/Amelia; Anne; Sarah Brissett; Elizabeth Reid; Mary Brissett
Oxford (St Mary Hall) [1768 ]

Associated Estates (3)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1774 [EA] - → Joint owner
1799 [EA] - 1799 [LA] → Previous owner
- 1798 [EY] → Owner

Relationships (9)

Son → Father
Father → Son
Brother → Sister
Husband → Wife
Notes →
The couple had nine...
Father → Daughter
Notes →
Mary B. Lawrence is likely Mary Brissett Lawrence, the daughter of Mary Lawrence and James Lawrence of...
Father → Son
Father-in-law → Son-in-law
Notes →
James Lawrence's daughter Emily/Amelia Lawrence married Frederick Burt Zincke in...
Father → Daughter