Joseph Odwin Bayne

???? - 1816


Barbados merchant, partner in Bayne & Clarke. He reportedly sold Ayshford plantation c. 1816, and by inference from his widow's presence in the compensation records, Bayne had been a creditor on a number of estates in Barbados, including Social Hall and Hopewell and the estates of John Barrow (q.v.).

  1. Joseph Odwin Bayne's property - a dry goods store which he owned with his partner Samuel Clarke (which became the armoury of the rebels) and 7 acres known as Marlmount - was damaged in the 1816 Barbados rebellion. Bayne and Clarke claimed damage of £10,266 13s 6d. Joseph Odwin Bayne died in 1816 of yellow fever and his wife reportedly returned to England with two children. However, the marriage of Joseph Odwin Bayne widower and Elizabeth Smith was recorded at St Mary Lambeth 07/03/1816 (when one of the witnesses was Elizabeth Browning Bayne).

  2. Rubinstein (reference 1847/22) identifies William Bayne [1847/22] of New Grove Mile End as a master tailor but expresses doubt that Bayne could have accumulated £200,000 in personalty as a a tailor. He was the elder brother of Joseph Odwin Bayne, whose firm was Bayne & Clarke, the Barbados merchants. William Bayne appears to have had no commercial involvement in Barbados, but took over by assignment a loan made by George Bayne to Joseph Odwin Bayne in 1820 (by which time it was an obligation of Joseph Odwin Bayne's estate).


  1. T71/897 Barbados claim no. 2090 (Social Hall). The withdrawal of Elizabeth Bayne's counterclaim for Barbados No. 2097 gives her address as 'Notting Hill Square' (T71/1282). Elizabeth Bayne, the widow of George Bayne, was living at Nottingham Place, according to Oster Bayne, raising the theoretical possibility that Elizabeth Bayne was Joseph Odwin Bayne's sister-in-law rather than his widow. It would have been unusual for Joseph Odwin Bayne to have made his sister-in-law his executor when his wife survived him, although conceivably the sister-in-law might have taken on this role as the executor of her own husband. Emails to N. Draper from Oster Bayne 07/12/09 and 23/12/09, which gives Elizabeth as Joseph Odwin Bayne's second wife (the first being Sarah Wharton Clarke, with whom he had at least one son, Samuel Clarke Bayne); Robert Morris 'The 1816 Uprising - a Hell-Broth' in The Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society Vol. XLVI December 2000 p. 26, extract provided by Oster Bayne;, London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921 [database online].
  2. William D. Rubinstein, Who were the rich? A biographical dictionary of British wealth-holders Volume Two 1840-1859 MS, reference 1847/22; ACC/0909/11 [cited by Oster Bayne]. PROB 11/2075/437.

Further Information

Elizabeth Smith

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1816 [EA] - 1816 [LA] → Seller

Shown by Hughes-Queree, not confirmed by LBS

Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Name partner
Bayne & Clarke
West India merchant - Barbados  

Relationships (1)

Deceased Husband → Widow