Estate Details

Associated People (12)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1775 [SY] - → Mortgage Holder
1769 [EA] - 1793 [LA] → Owner

In 1769, John Williams the younger reportedly purchased the Windmill and Paradise estate (also known as Colhouns) to add to Morton's Bay, which had been settled on him and his wife earlier that same year, under the term of his marriage settlement of 1766.

1775 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1775 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1800 [EA] - 1800 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1822 [LA] → Other
1817 [EA] - 1822 [LA] → Owner
1825 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Owner
1825 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Other
1828 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner
1828 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Other
1834 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Other

Associated Claims (1)

£2,416 18S 9D


Details of the history of this estate in the 18th century are given in David Small and Christine Eickelmann's 'Clifton Estate, Nevis: an Account of Absence and Ambition' [accessed 29/11/2017].

Estate Information (8)

What is this?

[Name] Windmill and Paradise otherwise Colhoun's  

Reportedly purchased by John Williams the younger in 1769.

David Small and Christine Eickelmann's 'Clifton Estate, Nevis: an Account of Absence and Ambition' [accessed 29/11/2017],
[Name] Windmill  

An indenture of 01/12/1775 between Stephen Sayre and Bartholomew Coote Purdon and Charles Best rehearsed an earlier indenture of 24 and 25/03/1775 by which John Williams the younger had mortgaged the Mortons Bay estate on Nevis and 110 named enslaved people to Sayre and Purdon together with other estates named as Windmill, Basseterre Lowland, Paradice [sic], and Dumblesdale to secure his debt to them of £15,335 17s 10d, and appointed them as consignees for the sugar from the estates. Under the new indenture, the security was assigned by Sayre and Purdon to Charles Best, to whom they were bound by for £14,000 as security for the £7000 they owed him, and Purdon also assigned lands in Ireland to secure a further £3000 he lent in order for Sayre and Purdon to repay separate debts to John Reynolds. Common Records 1776-1777, British Library, EAP794/1/1/16, pp. 1-21

[Number of enslaved people] 146(Tot) 76(F) 70(M)  
[Name] Windmill  

Return of William Bowrin, owner; returned by Peter Butler

T71/364 26-28
[Number of enslaved people] 140(Tot) 72(F) 68(M)  
[Name] Windmill  

Return of William Bowrin Esq., owner; returned by Peter Butler

T71/365 266-267
[Number of enslaved people] 135(Tot) 66(F) 69(M)  
[Name] Wind Mill  

Return of Peter Butler Esq., owner; returned by William Mc Phail [McPhail]

T71/366 201
[Number of enslaved people] 135(Tot)  
[Name] Windmill  

Return of Job Ede, owner; returned by Robert Claxton;135 enslaved people were acquired "by purchase from Peter Butler as by his return for said Estate [which] will show sex, country and reputed age"; this return is directly followed by that of Peter Butler which lists the people sold to Job Ede

T71/367 190-198
[Number of enslaved people] 131(Tot) 68(F) 63(M)  
[Name] Wind Mill  

Return of Job Ede, owner

T71/368 242
[Number of enslaved people] 131(Tot) 67(F) 64(M)  
[Name] Wind Mill  

Return of Job Ede, owner; returned by W L Bucke

T71/369 237