Spring Garden

Estate Details

Associated People (6)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1773 [SY] - 1773 [EY] → Joint owner
1834 [SY] - 1834 [EY] → Mortgage Holder
19/05/1767 [SD] - → Joint owner
- 1829 [LA] → Owner
1799 [EA] - 1800 [LA] → Joint owner

Barclay Farquharson and two partners bought three estates and enslaved people from John Balfour in 1799 for £120,000 but the transaction was quickly reversed and was later subject to suit in Chancery. Reports of cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery (1832).

1799 [EA] - 1800 [LA] → Joint owner

Associated Claims (1)

£1,771 11S 7D


  1. Original purchasers of Spring Garden under Rockly Bay division (St Andrew parish) Lots nos. 4 & 5 (together with Burleigh Castle under St Andrew nos. 6 and 7) were J Dumaresq and M. Croker; Present Possessor of both c. 1866 was Edward Ellice. In 1832 the Owners of Spring Garden were 'Dev. of Balfour; the estate was 'Now worked with Burleigh Castle' in 1862.

  2. By 1773 the Present Proprietors were P.Maxwell and J. Balfour.


  1. 'Tables showing the Lots in each Parish, numbered as originally granted - the original Grantee - the name of the Lot, or lots, if one has been acquired, and the present Possessor where there is one' and 'A Table, showing the Estates in cultivation in 1832, and their Owners, in 1832, copied from the list appended to Byres' map of that date, with those in cultivation in 1862', Henry Iles Woodcock, A History of Tobago (Ayr: Smith and Grant, 1867; new impression London: Frank Cass and Company Limited, 1971).

  2. John Fowler, A summary account of the present flourishing state of the respectable colony of Tobago in the British West Indies illustrated with a map of the island and a plan of its settlement, agreeably to the sales by his Majesty’s Commissioners (London: A Grant, 1774) pp. 56-57.

Estate Information (3)

What is this?

[Number of enslaved people] 141(Tot) 67(F) 74(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden  

Return made in the name of John Balfour but signed by A. MacGregor 28/01/1819. As with other returns filed by MacGregor for Balfour on Tobago, the return includes names of supposed region of origin for many of the non-Creole enslaved people.

T71/462 328-333
[Number of enslaved people] 118(Tot) 60(F) 58(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden  

George Homeward [manager]

T71/474 76
[Number of enslaved people] 106(Tot) 55(F) 51(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden  

George Homeward manager

T71/481 75