Thomas Maxwell Adams

1771 - 1806

Previous owner (non-claimant)


Previous owner of Adams Castle in Barbados, the compensation for which was paid to Anne St John Maxwell Adams (q.v.) as executrix of Thomas M[axwell] Adams; she is also given in the Register of Claims as executrix of Jas. M. Maxwell, possibly in error.

  1. Thomas Maxwell Adams, shown in Burke's as the second son of William [sic] Adams of Barbados, m. 4 July 1792 Anne St John Trefusis (sister of Lord Clinton). In fact, the will of Thomas Maxwell Adams of St Davids Exeter proved in 1806 identifies his father as Thomas Maxwell Adams.

  2. Thomas Maxwell Adams, admitted as a pensioner at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 7 December, 1789. He was the son and heir of Thomas Maxwell, esq., lawyer, of Christ Church, Barbados. Born 17 May 1771, at James Street, Westminster. He went to school at Harrow. Migrated to Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 21 February 1792. He did not matriculate. (Harrow Sch. Reg.). The Thomas Maxwell Adams son of Thomas of Barbados who matriculated Merton Oxford 13/0/1764 aged 19 must have been the father of the Thomas Maxwell Adams of this entry.

  3. The will of Thomas Maxwell Adams [now of Duryards Lodge in the parish] of St Davids, Exeter Devon proved 09/01/1807 also identifies him as the husband of Anne St John Maxwell Adams the claimant. The Mrs Adams, the relict [widow] of Thomas Maxwell Adams of the Island of Barbados who died at her house in Brompton Row (England) 27/03/1812, was the widow of the older Thomas Maxwell Adams and the mother of the Thomas Maxwell Adams of this claim (who predeceased her).

  4. There is another Thomas Maxwell Adams who reportedly died in 1825.


T71/555; T71/898 Barbados no. 3301., Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 [database online], where the 1820 Slave Register for Barbados shows her clearly as Anne St John Adams, executrix of Thomas Maxwell Adams.

  1. Burke's Landed Gentry 1855 'Abadam of Middleton Hall'.

  2., Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900 [database online];, Oxford University Alumni, 1500-1886 [database online]

  3. PROB 11/1454/7; Vere Langford Oliver Caribbeana Vol. II p. 134; will of Ann Adams widow of [Brompton] Kensington proved 30/04/1812 PROB 11/1532/506.

  4. Barbados Department of Archives. Hughes-Queree Index of Plantations.

Further Information

Name in compensation records
Thomas M. Adams
Anne St John Trefusis
Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He did not matriculate. [1792 ]

Associated Claims (1)

£4,400 8s 7d
Other association

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1806 [LA] → Owner

Relationships (2)

Deceased Husband → Widow
Son → Father

Addresses (1)

Duryard Lodge, Exeter, Devon, Devon & Cornwall, England