John Ashley of Clifton and Ashley Hall

???? - 1850


John Ashley of Clifton and Ashley Hall Jamaica, eldest son of John Ashley who was of Bath when he made his will in 1791 (proved in 1799).  

  1. John Ashley of Ashley Hall now residing in Clifton, Bristol, whose will was proved 13/05/1850.

  2. William, son of John Ashley Esquire, baptised in Vere, 14/11/1776. George, son of John Ashley Esquire, baptised in Vere, 19/04/1780. Margaret Elizabeth, daughter of John Ashley by --- deceased born 24/12/1779 and baptised 22/01/1785 in Vere.

  3. Deaths of son Joseph Biscoe Ashley; 1837 aged 23; of sister Mary Turner Ashley 1820, the wife of Robert King Cummins; and eldest surviving daughter Martha Mary Ashley 1871, aunt of John Ashley LSA of Holly Mount, Stroud, Port Stephens (Australia). Youngest daughter Ellen-Swete married Lieutenant Colonel William Frederick Snell, late of the Scots Fusilier Guards, in Clifton in 1845.

  4. Benjamin McMahon was employed on Exeter Estate during the mid-1820s. He noted that "Mr. Ashley was a noble minded gentleman, who abhorred the villanous proceedings of those around him. He was well aware of the infamous conduct of planting attorneys in general; for he had been made to suffer during his own absence from the country — he was nearly ruined by them" McMahon also observed that no-one in Ashley's employ would have dared mistreat enslaved people.


  1. PROB 11/2112/307.

  2., Jamaica Church of England Parish Register Transcripts, 1664-1880 [database online].

  3. Gentleman's Magazine Vol. 162 (1837) p. 100; Burke's Irish Family Records (Buckingham, Burke's Peerage & Gentry, 1976) p. 307; Sydney Morning Herald 05/10/1871, p. 1 [accessed 03/05/2011]; Gentleman's Magazine Vol. 158 pp. 520-521 (November 1845).

  4. Benjamin McMahon, Jamaica Plantership: Eighteen Years Employed in the Planting Line in that Island (1839) p. 72.

We are grateful to Siddharth Singh Ahlawat and Stephen Mallet for their assistance with compiling this entry.

Further Information

Joseph Briscoe, John, Martha Mary, Ellen-Swete, two other sons

Summary of will of John Ashley Originally dated 26/8/1845 Codicil dated 24/10/1849 Probate granted 13/5/1850

To my wife, Elizabeth Ashley a legacy of £500 on top of the personal effects

To my wife, Elizabeth Ashley and son-in-law William Frederick Snell the Ashley Hall estate, and all the equipment and animals thereon and freehold and leasehold messuages (ie dwelling houses), lands and tenements and other personal estate and effects in Jamaica upon trust. One third of the subsequent income to Elizabeth, and the remaining two thirds to be split into six to be paid to my eldest son, the Reverend John Ashley (two parts) and each of my four other children (one part each).

On Elizabeth's death her share of the property to be split half to his eldest son and half to be split between his other two sons.

Balance of the estate to be held by Elizabeth Ashley and William Snell in trust and invested in government or real securities with the income to go to Elizabeth Ashley until her death. Thereafter £5,000 to the trustees of the settlement of his younger daughter on her marriage to William Snell to discharge his covenant under the settlement, £5,000 to my daughter Martha Mary Ashley and the residue in trust for his three sons as tenants in common.

Above provision for my wife made in lieu of the provision made in the settlement on their marriage.

On request of my sons, appointed by deed poll to a share right and interest in a certain estate in Vere, Elizabeth will release the estate from the payment of £200 per annum. On request of trustees of marriage settlement, sons etc. release them from any demands etc. as a result of actions, including all claims in respect of the ‘late slaves’ on the Manningfield Estate and compensation received therefore

Codicil: a further £500 to Elizabeth in addition to the £500 already bequeathed to her, to be paid immediately on my decease.

Associated Claims (2)

£3,695 11s 2d
Other association
£5,546 9s 5d
Unsuccessful claimant (Owner-in-fee)

Associated Estates (9)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1832 [SY] - 1832 [EY] → Attorney

No estate name given.

1809 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1832 [SY] - 1832 [EY] → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1832 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Other

Exeter estate registered to John Ashley in the Jamaica Almanac 1832 although it's not clear if he owned it or was managing it or what.

1817 [EA] - 1829 [LA] → Attorney
1832 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
- 1839 [LA] → Owner
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney

Legacies Summary

Cultural (1)

Bristol Channel Mission...... 
notes →
Anglican institution, designed to serve crews on board ship, founded in 1835 by the Rev. John Ashley, son of John Ashley of Ashley Hall. Predecessor to the Mission to Seafarers. R.W. H. Miller,...

Imperial (1)

Australia: New South Wales 
notes →
John Ashley, the grandson of John Ashley of Ashley Hall and son of Rev. John Ashley, has an entry in the Australian Medical Pioneers Index,...
sources →

Relationships (1)

Son → Father

Addresses (1)

Clifton, Bristol, Gloucestershire, South-west England, England