Mary Salter Dehany

1740 - 1832


Jamaica and Barbados absentee slave-owner, daughter of Philip Dehany and adoptive mother and benefactress of Wilhelmina Traill (q.v.).

  1. According to Edward Crawford, writing on in 1999, W. B. Trail was adopted by Mary Salter Dehany, daughter of Philip Dehany. (Mary was born c. 1740 in Jamaica; died 1832 at Hayes Place, Kent.). Philip Dehany (c. 1720-1809), was the son of David Dehany, merchant of Bristol and planter of Jamaica and Mary, daughter of Matthew Gregory. He was a founder member of the MCC and third owner of Hayes Place, Kent. (The first owner was the first Lord Chatham.) He was also MP for St Ives, 1778-1780. Mary Salter Dehany was due to marry John Sinclair, 11th Earl of Caithness, but he died (aged 33, 8 April 1789) on the eve of the wedding. Mary Salter Dehany never married, but adopted Wilhelmina Barbara Traill (niece of the 11th Earl), to whom she left Hayes Place and her West Indian properties, Barbican, Paradise and the Points estate. In turn, W. B. Traill left her West Indian properties to William Knight Dehany. For further connections between Trail and the Dehanys see notes on William Knight Dehany (ID: 15406) and Eliza Whitehorne Dehany (ID: 22422). See also notes on George Atkinson (ID: 18273) for possible connections to other awardees.

  2. Despite the claim in the narrative above, the compensation for the Barbican, Paradise and Points estates in Hanover Jamaica was paid to William Knight Dehany.

Further Information


Wilhelmina Barbara Trail, received Salters plantation in Barbados from her adopted mother Mary Salter Dehany, after the latter’s death in 1832. Dehany, after providing some small legacies for male relatives, had bequeathed all her real and personal property, in Britain and the West Indies, to her daughter ‘her heirs & assigns for ever & her entirely at her disposal.’ Source: PROB 11/1801/80, Will of Mary Salter Dehany (5 June 1832); with thanks to Hannah Young for this reference.

Associated Claims (4)

£4,361 11s 9d
Previous owner (not making a claim)
£3,614 1s 3d
Previous owner (not making a claim)
£8,085 3s 9d
Previous owner (not making a claim)
£2,006 15s 3d
Previous owner (not making a claim)

Associated Estates (4)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
27/10/1809 [SD] - 1832 [LA] → Owner
1821 [EA] - 1832 [EY] → Owner
27/10/1809 [SD] - 1832 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner

Relationships (7)

Other relatives
Notes →
Great grandmother (Baxter) and great grand-daughter...
Other relatives
Notes →
Mary Salter Dehany was the cousin of William Knight Dehany's father...
Guardian → Ward
Daughter → Father
Other relatives
Notes →
Great niece and great-uncle. Mary Salter Dehany was the remainderman for Salter's Barbados estates after the life interests of her great-aunt and then her...
Grand-daughter → Grandfather
Grand-daughter → Grandfather

Addresses (1)

Hayes Place, Hayes, Kent, South-east England, England