Rowland Williams of Carawina

???? - 1722


Biography

Major slave-owner in Westmoreland, Jamaica. Died 1722.

  1. Rowland Williams of Westmoreland, Esquire. Estate probated in Jamaica in 1723. Slave-ownership at probate: 464 of whom 269 were listed as male and 195 as female. 168 were listed as boys, girls or children. Total value of estate at probate: £19748.17 Jamaican currency of which £14393 currency was the value of enslaved people. Estate valuation included £0 currency cash, £1640.43 currency debts and £158.75 currency plate.

  2. A case in Chancery, Williams v. Beecher, gives some details of the will of Rowland Williams. He died in 1722 leaving four sons and a daughter, all minors. He left £2000 sterling to his daughter and £6500 to his three younger sons Lewis, John and William. He also left 30 enslaved people to John. His eldest son, Joseph, was to recieve £500 a year until he reached the age of 27 years. His real estate he left to his sons severally. He left £100 to his brother William and all residue to his son Joseph. A codicil gave £300 Jamaican currency and £100 sterling per annum to his friend Mary Sharp, widow. The case revolved around this legacy to Mary Sharp (who died 05/07/1752). Mary's daughter Hannah (married to Edward Beecher; Edward died 16/10/1751), filed a bill 24/10/1751 claiming payment of the £300 with interest at 10 per cent, amounting to just under £10,000. Joseph Williams (son of Rowland's eldest son Joseph) was by the 1750s in possession of Carawina estate, presumably from his father. A judgement in 1755 found payment of £10,450 was due and in 1756 ordered sequestration, the estate of Joseph Williams being seized to the amount of £30,000. Joseph Williams' appeal was due to be heard in March 1757.

  3. From the burial ground at Carawina: Mary, wife of Rowland Williams, died 20/11/1716 aged 39; Joseph Williams, eldest son of Rowland Williams, deceased, born 28/09/1702, died 05/06/1732 aged 30; Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Williams of Westmoreland, died 12/07/1748 aged 50; John Williams, son of Rowland and Mary Williams, born September 1706, died May 1734.

  4. The will of Joseph Hodges of St Elizabeth, proved 1718, included a bequest of £50 to his son-in-law Rowland Williams.

Sources

  1. Trevor Burnard, Database of Jamaican inventories, 1674-1784.

  2. Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 6 pp. 70-71.

  3. Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 p. 349.

  4. PROB 11/567/312.


Further Information

Spouse
Mary Hodges
Children
Joseph, Lewis, John, William, and one daughter

Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 19/06/1722 [ED] → Owner
1717 [SY] - → Owner

Relationships (1)

Father → Son