Orange Hill

Estate Details

Associated People (6)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1772 [EA] - 1784 [LA] → Joint owner

In 1772 John Fraser and his brother James Fraser bought two estates from Evan Baillie that appear to have been the precursors of the Orange Hill estate.

1775 [EA] - 1786 [LA] → Mortgage Holder

By a deed of 28/06/1775 Evan Baillie assigned to George Ross the security for the remaining unpaid balance of £12,000 owed to him from John and James Fraser.

1809 [EA] - 1810 [LA] → Assignee

Assignee in bankruptcy of Ross & Ogilvie, army agents

1810 [EA] - 1810 [LA] → Not known

LBS has not yet unravelled the connections of John Ogilvie to the Retreat estate (which was either subsumed into Orange Hill or from which the enslaved people were transferred to Orange Hill); he was (1) one of the trustees of George Ross of Cromarty; (2) partner of Alexander Ross (ne Gray) the main heir of his uncle George Ross of Cromarty; and (3) tenant-for-life under a settlement with the Commissioners for a bankrupt London merchant named John Fraser of at least some of the property involved in three elaborate deeds of 1804, 1809 and 1810.

1817 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Joint owner
1817 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Joint owner

Associated Claims (2)

£3,363 5S 10D
£3,363 5S 10D

Estate Information (9)

What is this?

[Name] None given  

Indentures of 01/02/1802 and 02/10/1802 conveyed into trust for John Ogilvie and others two estates in Queen's Valley St Vincent, and set out the background as follows: by deeds of 20 and 21/02/1772 Evan Baillie had sold to John Fraser of London and his brother James Fraser of St Vincent unnamed property south of Pennistons for £21,000, and taken back a mortgage for the purchase price. By a deed of 28/06/1775 Evan Baillie assigned the security for the remaining unpaid balance of £12,000 to George Ross. James Fraser then died intestate, his share passing to his brother John; John Fraser was bankrupt in 1784. In 1785 the estate was auctioned at the behest of George Ross; it fetched only £5110, from John Ogilvie, leaving Ross with an unpaid claim of £6890 on the estate of the bankrupt John Fraser. The deed of 1802 placed the estate(s) in trust for Ogilvie, George Ross's executors and John Fraser's commissioners of bankruptcy.

Deed Book 1804, British Library, EAP688/1/1/18, pp. 496-514

[Name] Retreat  

'f. 342‐60 Entered 28 August 1809 Release of the Retreat plantation and slaves: an indenture dated 29 August 1808 between i) Alexander Ross (esquire, Argyle Street, Middlesex) acting by his attorney James Bruce (Saint Vincent), John Francis Grant, James French and John Cruikshank (esquires, Saint Vincent) and ii) John Pearce (esquire, Lincoln’s Fields, Middlesex) and Henry Davidson (esquire, Lime Street Square, City of London) acting by their attorney James Bruce. A [s]ale [sic] from Ross, Grant, French and Cruikshank to Pearce and Davidson of two plantations in Queens Valley, Saint Andrew parish, Saint Vincent containing 422 acres. Detailed financial agreements are included. Names of slaves are given for the plantations.'

EAP 345 Kenneth Morgan Endangered Archives of St Vincent.

The full text of this deed appears at Deed Book 1809, British Library, EAP688/1/1/20, pp. 342-360. LBS has not been able fully to unravel the background.

Names of many of the enslaved people given in this deed reappear in the 1810 deed below and in the 1817 Slave Registers for Orange Hill, then co-owned by Robert Sutherland.

[Name] Retreat  

By indentures of 01/01/1810, Robert Sutherland conveyed 101 enslaved people to the executors of George Ross of Cromarty, and to John Pearce and Henry Davidson, assignees in bankruptcy of Ross & Ogilvie, army agents of London, to secure two amounts, of £2300 and £2400. LBS has not fully unravelled the background, but it appears that the British-based parties had agreed to sell the Retreat plantation and 80 enslaved people to Robert Dickinson for £7000; Dickinson then agreed to sell it on to Robert Sutherland and Sutherland assumed responsibility for the unpaid amounts. Many of the named enslaved people in this deed appear in the 1809 deed above and later in the 1817 Slave Register for Orange Hill.

Deed Book 1810, British Library, EAP688/1/1/21, pp. 310-325.

[Number of enslaved people] 321(Tot)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Robert Sutherland and Thomas Patterson as owners. Lucy Gibbons - runaway

T71/493 94-100
[Number of enslaved people] 310(Tot) 141(F) 169(M)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Robert Sutherland and Thomas Patterson as owners, by James Sutherland, attorney.

T71/495 46-48
[Number of enslaved people] 301(Tot) 140(F) 161(M)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Robert Sutherland and Thomas Patterson.

T71/497 32-33
[Number of enslaved people] 286(Tot) 135(F) 151(M)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Orange Hill Estate. Statement sworn by Alexander McLeod, attorney [31 deaths].

T71/497 40-41
[Number of enslaved people] 266(Tot) 127(F) 139(M)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Orange Hill Estate. Statement sworn by James Sutherland [35 deaths].

T71/499 25-26
[Number of enslaved people] 241(Tot) 118(F) 123(M)  
[Name] Orange Hill Estate  

Orange Hill Estate. The property of James Sutherland, George Mackay Sutherland, the heirs of Owen Baillie Sutherland and the heirs of Thomas Patterson. Statement sworn by James Sutherland. Register taken on 1st May. Total on 1st August 1834 was 241 enslaved people.

T71/500 37-39