Eden Estate

Estate Details

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Associated People (20)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1827 [EY] → Joint owner
- 1820 [LA] → Previous owner

The presence of Ralph Mountague as agent in this year suggests the Charles Bernard as previous owner was Charles Bernard of Jamaica and Bristol, whose executor Mountague was.

- 1820 [LA] → Not known
1791 [EA] - 1791 [LA] → Previous owner
1792 [EA] - 1797 [LA] → Joint owner
1798 [EA] - 1805 [EY] → Joint owner
1805 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Previous owner
1817 [EA] - 1823 [LA] → Agent
1817 [EA] - 1820 [LA] → Agent
1820 [EA] - → Agent
1823 [EA] - → Agent
1826 [EA] - → Attorney
1829 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1832 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1834 [EA] - → Trustee and Executor
1834 [EA] - → Trustee and Executor
1834 [EA] - → Joint owner
1834 [EA] - → Joint owner
1834 [EA] - → Joint owner
1834 [EA] - → Joint owner

Associated Claims (1)

£3,581 19S 4D

Notes

Unravelling the ownership of Eden is made more complicated by the existence of several 'Charles Bernards' all related. The heirs to the estate had shared the profits in 'their proportions' for more than 30 year since the death of David and 10 years since the death of Charles, it was said in the 1830s. The recipients of compensation therefore appear to mirror the historic ownership of the estate and enslaved people, and have been used by LBS to associate individuals with this estate. Some of these associations are tentative. It appears certain that the estate was part-owned by David Bernard (d. 1805) and that one moiety passed to his son Charles Bernard of Frampton Lodge (d. c. 1826), and the other to David Bernard's widow and other children. It also appears that Charles Bernard of Jamaica and Bristol, David's brother, might have been part-owner prior to his death in 1797, with part-ownership possibly continuing to his son Charles Bernard of St James (d. 1820) but the ownership by this side of the family does not appear in the compensation records.


Sources

Letter in T71/1608, dated 26/10/1835, from C.E. Bernard and W.E. [C.?] Bernard, stating that the heirs 'for years have divided the rents and profits of the Estate, according to their proportions'.


Estate Information (31)

What is this?

1791
[Name] Eden  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of the heirs of Charles Bernard Esquire deceased. Account filed by George Wilbery book keeper

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 266-268
1792
[Name] Eden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of Charles [?] Bernard Esquire and the heirs of Cha.s Bernard Esquire deceased. Account filed by James Muir as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 223-225 [f.112-113]
1798
[Name] Eden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, some cattle  
 

Property of David Bernard Esq and the heirs of Charles Bernard Esq deceased. Account filed by Samuel Thompson as overseer for the period 31/12/1797 to 31/12/1798.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 240
1799
[Name] Eden Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by Samuel Thompson overseer. The property of Daniel [=David] Bernard and the Heirs of Charles Bernard Esquires deceased.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/25 123-124
1799
[Name] Eden  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted in St James as a sugar estate with a cattle mill in James Robertson's 1804 map of Jamaica.

 
To the King's most excellent Majesty, this map of the island of Jamaica, constructed from actual surveys. . . (London, J. Robertson, 1804), based on Robertson's survey of the county of Cornwall which he compeleted in 1799.
1800
[Name] Eden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Property of David Bernard Esq and the heirs of Charles Bernard Esq deceased in the hands of David Bernard. Account filed by William Caldwell as overseer for the period 01/08/1799 to 31/12/1800.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/27 42
1800
[Number of enslaved people] 257(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
 

Listed in St James in the Earl of Balcarres's letter to the Duke of Portland, dated 22/03/1800, with Charles and David Bernard as the proprietor.

 
Papers Presented to the House of Commons of the 7th May 1804, Respecting the Slave Trade (Houses of Parliament, 1804) section G p. 26. The number of enslaved people was recorded on 01/10/1799.
1801
[Name] Eden Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to David Bernard and the Heirs of Charles Bernard Esq deceased. Account filed by William Caldwell as overseer. Accounts filed for 1800-1801.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/28 155
1807
[Name] Eden  
[Crop] sugar, rum, livestock and plumbers  
 

Property of the heirs of Charles & David Bernard Esqs. one moiety of which is in the hands of Ralph Montague as executor of Charles Bernard Esq. deceased. Account presented by Joseph B. Bernard Esq. as one of the proprietors of the estate and resident thereon in the absence of the late overseer Jeremiah Carroll being absent from the parish.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/37 175
1809
[Number of enslaved people] 240(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 64  
 

Registered to C. and D. Bernard deceased.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11James.htm. The 1811 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter for 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 241(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 53  
 

Registered to Charles Bernard deceased.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812co2.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 219(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 217  
 

Registered to C. Bernard and heirs of D. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15jame.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 217(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 192  
 

Registered to C. Bernard and heirs of D..

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al16.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 208(Tot) 108(F) 100(M)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of John Parnther and Edward Mountague as agents for the heirs of David Bernard deceased and Charles Bernard, owners of Eden Estate.

 
T71/203 90-95
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 220(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 186  
 

Registered to D. Bernard and heirs of C..

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p16.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 217(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 178  
 

Registered to C. Bernard and heirs of D..

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_12.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 209(Tot)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of John Parnther and Ralph B Mountague as Agents to the Heirs of Daniel Bernard and to Charles Bernard owners of Eden Estate.

 
T71/206 332-333
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 213(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 156  
 

Registered to D. Bernard and heirs of C..

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p16.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 212(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 179  
 

Registered to heirs of David Bernard and C. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24jame.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 205(Tot)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of John Parnther and John P Montague as Agents to the Heirs of David Bernard and Charles Bernard, owners of Eden Estate.

 
T71/210 127-128
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 201(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 203  
 

Registered to heirs of David Bernard and C. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al19.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 200(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 257  
 

Registered to heirs of David and Charles Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al11.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 197(Tot)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of John Cleghorn as Attorney to the Heirs of David Bernard and Charles Bernard, owners of Eden Estate.

 
T71/215 193-194
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 202(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 45  
 

Registered to heirs of David and Charles Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al18.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 203(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 49  
 

Registered to heirs of David and Charles Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29jame.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 200(Tot)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of Matthew Mitchell as Attorney to the Heirs of David Bernard and Charles Bernard.

 
T71/216 unpaginated
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 209(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 48  
 

Registered to heirs of David and Charles Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831jame.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 207(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 216  
 

Registered to heirs of D. and C. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32jame.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 205(Tot)  
[Name] Eden  
[Stock] 48  
 

Registered to heirs of D. and C. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33James.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 195(Tot)  
[Name] Eden Estate  
 

In the possession of Thomas J Bernard and Matthew Mitchell as Attornies to the Heirs of David Bernard and Charles Bernard owners of Eden Estate.

 
T71/223 52
1839
[Name] Eden  
[Size] 1015  
 

Registered to heirs of D. and C. Bernard.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1840) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40James.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.