Spring Garden Estate

Estate Details


Associated People (16)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1787 [EY] → Heir
1787 [SY] - 1820 [EY] → Owner

John Wedderburn took possession of Spring Garden following the death of his father-in-law George Bedward in 1787. Wedderburn married Mary Wisdom Bedward (q.v.) in 1782. Mary was sole heiress to her father George Bedward (q.v.) and mother Susannah, sole surviving child and heiress of Robert Rutherford of Spring Garden.

1821 [SY] - 1831 [EY] → Tenant in possession
1762 [EA] - 1772 [LA] → Executor
1762 [EA] - 1765 [LA] → Previous owner
1764 [EA] - 1764 [LA] → Not known

Stirling filed Crop Accounts for Spring Garden in 1764. He is listed as Planter.

1765 [EA] - 1769 [LA] → Executor
1765 [EA] - 1772 [LA] → Executor
1766 [EA] - 1771 [LA] → Not known

Robert Nichols filed Crop Accounts for Spring Garden in 1766 and 1771. His role was not specified on either occasion.

1771 [EA] - 1771 [LA] → Manager
1817 [EA] - 1820 [LA] → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 1820 [LA] → Attorney
1823 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney
1832 [EA] - → Trustee and Executor
1832 [EA] - → Trustee and Executor
1837 [EA] - → Previous owner

Associated Claims (1)

£5,866 16S 8D

Estate Information (53)

What is this?

1741
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar, rum and sundry items  
 

Estate belonging to John Graves and other morgagors. Account filed by James Woodcock as morgagee in possession of the estate and John Woodcocks as overseer of the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 102
1742
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar, rum and livestock  
 

Belonging to Mr. John Graves now in the possession of Mr. James Woodcork of the parish of Kingston as mortgagee. Account filed by John Jones of the parish of Westmoreland planter and manager of the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 214
1762
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to Elizabeth Rutherford. Account filed by Robert Douglas as executor.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/4 39
1763
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted in Westmoreland in Thomas Craskell's 1763 map of Jamaica as a sugar estate with a cattle mill.

 
Thomas Craskell's Map of the County of Surry in the Island of Jamaica (1763)
1763
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to Elizabeth Rutherford. Account filed by Robert Douglas as executor.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/4 91
1764
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Account filed by Robert Stirling, planter.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/4 127
1765
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by Robert Douglas a planter and one of the executors.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/4 163
1766
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to the heirs of Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by Robert Nichols. Estate under the care and direction of Robert Douglas Esq. as one of the executors named in the last will and testament of Elizabeth Rutherford.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 36
1767
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to the heirs of Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by John Macourtie a planter and one of the executors. Estate under the care and direction of John Kinlock Esq. as one of the executors named in the last will and testament of Elizabeth Rutherford.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/5 140
1768
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to the heirs of Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by John Macourtie a planter and one of the executors. Estate under the care and direction of John Kinlock Esq. as one of the executors named in the last will and testament of Elizabeth Rutherford.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/5 137
1769
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to the heirs of Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by John Macourtie planter. Estate under the care and direction of John Kinlock Esq. as one of the executors named in the last will and testament of Elizabeth Rutherford.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/5 200
1771
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Belonging to the heirs of Mrs Elizabeth Rutherford deceased. Account filed by Robert Nichols. Estate under the care and direction of John Somerville and Robert Douglas Esq. as one of the executors named in the last will and testament of Elizabeth Rutherford.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 160
1772
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to the heris of Mrs. Elizabeth Rutherford deceased and under the care and direction of Robert Douglas as one of the executors of the said Elizabeth Rutherford. Account filed by John Macourtie, planter.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/6 219
1783
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Under the direction of John Wedderburn as attorney to George Bedward Esq. Account filed by Alexander Stewart as book keeper and distiller, Colin James who was overseer for the said estate during crop 1783 being dead.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 6-7
1784
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of George Bedward Esq. in trust to John Wedderburn Esq. the acting trustee. Account filed Alexander Stewart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 31
1785
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of George (cannot read last name) Esq. in trust to John Wedderburn Esq. the acting trustee.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 1-4
1787
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Property of George Bedward Esq in trust to John Wedderburn Esq acting trustee; account filed by John Wedderburn.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/12 119
1789
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of John Wedderburn Esquire. Account filed by James Graham as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 218-219 f.111
1790
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn attorney to John Wedderburn Esquire. Account filed by James Graham as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/17 335-336 [f.167]
1791
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn attorny to John Wedderburn Esquire. Account filed by James Graham as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 127-128 [f.58]
1792
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn Esquire attorney to John Wedderburn Esquire. Account filed by James Graham as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 44-45
1793
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn Esquire attorney to John Wedderburn Esquire. Account filed by James Graham as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 371-372
1794
[Name] Spring Garden estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn Esq attorney to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by Alex Grierson as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1794.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/20 118
1795
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn Esq attorney to John Wedderburn. Account filed by Alex Grierson as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1795.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 81
1796
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, hire of enslaved people, copper  
 

Belonging to John Wedderburn. Account given by James Wedderburn. Account filed by Alexander Grierson, overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/23
1797
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn Esq deceased (17/07/1797) and John Graham Esq as attornies to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by John Hunter as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1797.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 31
1798
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, old copper  
 

Under the direction of John Graham, William Fyffe and John Wedderburn Esq.s as attornies to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by John Hunter as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1798.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 170
1799
[Number of enslaved people] 558(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
 

Registered in Westmoreland in Balcarres' letter to the Duke of Portland, dated 22/03/1800, taken at a vestry convened for that purpose 15/11/1799 and subsequent days. No ownership details given.

 
Papers Presented to the House of Commons of the 7th May 1804, Respecting the Slave Trade (Houses of Parliament, 1804) section G p. 37.
1799
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the direction of John Graham Esq attorney to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by John Hunter as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1799.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/26 103-104
1800
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Under the direction of William Brown, Patrick Miller and Samwell Forrester, attornies to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by Alexander Grierson as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/28 44-45
1801
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Under the direction of William Brown, Patrick Miller and Somerville Forrester as Attornies to John Wedderburn. Account filed by James Whitaker as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/29 33
1803
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, logwood  
 

Under the direction of Patrick Miller, Somerville Forrester and James Wedderburn attornies to John Wedderburn Esq. Account filed by Purchas Lumley as overseer for the year ending 31/12/1803.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/31 130-131
1804
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum, logwood, heifers  
 

Account given in the names of Somerville Forrester, James Wedderburn and James Colquhoun, grant attornies to John Wedderburn, Esq. Account filed by Purchase Lumley, overseer to said estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archvies 1B/11/4/32 209
1807
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Crop] sugar, rum , cattle and logwood  
 

Under the direction of James Wedderburn, James Colquhun Grant and John Blyth as attornies to John Wedderburn Esq. Account presented by Purchas Lumley as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/37 172-173
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 467(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 211  
 

Registered to John Wedderburn. Number of stock unclear.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15west.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 439(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 318  
 

Registered to John Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al14.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 437(Tot) 246(F) 191(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden Sugar Estate  
 

In the possession of James Colquhoun Grant and John Blyth as attorneys to John Wedderburn Esquire the owner.

 
T71/178 359-364
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 418(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 310  
 

Registered to John Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p14.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 412(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 311  
 

Registered to John Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_10.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 415(Tot) 223(F) 192(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
 

In the possession of James Colquhoun Grant and John Blythe as attorneys for John Wedderburn Esquire owner.

 
T71/179 Book 12 1
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 409(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 303  
 

Registered to John Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p14.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 402(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 262  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24west.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 397(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
 

In the possession of Joseph Stone Williams as attorney to James Wedderburne Esquire as owner.

 
T71/180 Book 10 23-24
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 392(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 257  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al16.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 39  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn. Number of enslaved people given as "free 18 9", presumably a transcription error.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al10.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 383(Tot) 209(F) 174(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden Sugar Estate  
 

In the possession of Joseph Stone Williams as attorney to James Wedderburn Esquire.

 
T71/181 398-399
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 374(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 49  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al16.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 371(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 54  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29west.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 363(Tot) 203(F) 160(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
 

In the possession of Joseph Stone Williams as attorney to James Wedderburn Esquire, owner.

 
T71/187 [unpaginated]
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 360(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 51  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831west.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 330(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 44  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn. Number of stock unclear.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32west.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 346(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Garden  
[Stock] 41  
 

Registered to James Wedderburn.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Westmd.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 344(Tot) 196(F) 148(M)  
[Name] Spring Garden Estate  
 

In the possession of Joseph Stone Williams as attorney to Andrew Colville and Alexander Seton executors and trustees of Jno. Wedderburn deceased.

 
T71/188 315