Thomas Hankey I of Fetcham Park

???? - 1793


Biography

Banker of Thomas Hankey & Co., father of John Barnard Hankey, Thomas Hankey II and of a natural son, William Alers Hankey (each of whom q.v.). Thomas Hankey became a partner in the bank in 1765. The firm was mortgagee then owner of enslaved people in Grenada, while Thomas Hankey appears as an extensive mortgagee of slave-property in Jamaica.

  1. 'In 1766, five partners in the bank of Hankey & Co, established 1685, provided a loan of £15,000 secured by a mortgage on the Union sugar plantation in Grenada. By 1767 the partners had become one of the legal owners of the plantation due to a default in the mortgage payment and in 1772 the plantation was sold by trustees with the consent of the bank. Records indicate the plantation included 103 slaves in 1766 and 127 slaves in 1772.' This estate has not yet been connected by LBS with any of estates named Union in the Slave Registers.

  2. Will of Thomas Hankey of Bedford Square [made in 1788] proved 15/10/1793. He left £50,000 to his four daughters, £14,000 to the eldest Charlotte and £12,000 each to Sarah, Louisa and Eliza. He left £6000 to his son Wm Alers, 'now a student at Edinburgh.' He left his wife Elizabeth an annuity of £2000, secured by £20,000 'Capital Bank Stock' that he instructed his trustees to purchase. His residuary heir was his son John Barnard Hankey. In a codicil of 1793 he left £20,000 to his newly born son Thomas.

Sources

'Hankey & Co.' http://heritagearchives.rbs.com/companies/list/hankey-and-co.html [accessed 01/11/2016]

  1. Citizens Financial Group/RBS, Historical Research Report Predecessor Institutions Research Regarding Slavery and the Slave Trade. First published May 25, 2006 Updated May 29, 2009 https://www.citizensbank.com/pdf/historical_research.pdf [accessed 01/11/2016].

  2. PROB 11/1237/197.


Further Information

Absentee?
British/Irish
Spouse
'Miss Wyver' (Elizabeth Weaver)
Children
With Elizabeth Weaver: Thomas; John Barnard; Charlotte; Sarah; Louisa; Eliza 4; With another, William Alers

Associated Estates (6)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
Mortgage Holder

The existence of the mortgage by Thomas Hankey is not shown in the Accounts Produce or Slave Registers, but appears in the compensation process under Westmoreland no. 465, when William Alers Hankey and John Barnard Hankey counterclaimed as executor and as heir-at-law respectively of Thomas Hankey I, both as mortgagees of certain enslaved people.

1795 [EA] - 1807 [LA] → Other

In the hand of executors of Thomas Hankey as mortgagee-in-possession.

1787 [EA] - 1787 [LA] → Mortgagee-in-Possession
1791 [EA] - 1792 [LA] → Mortgagee-in-Possession

For 1792, the Accounts Produce show: 'Account signed in London for Thomas Hankey deceased by Wm Alers and Will Duncan executors.' Thomas Hankey did not apparently die until 1793 [his will was proved 15/10/1793 and his burial record shows oddly 10/11/1793] , so these accounts must have been post-dated. William Alers [later William Alers Hankey] and William Duncan were certainly among his executors.

1792 [EA] - 1804 [LA] → Other

Returns were made for the executors of Thomas Hankey as mortgagee-in-possession

1782 [EA] - 1786 [LA] → Mortgagee-in-Possession

Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Senior partner
Hankey & Co.
Banker  
 

Physical (2)

Country house
Fetcham Cottage [Built] 
description →
Reportedly Grade II house, probably a guest-house for Fetcham Park, built by Thomas Hankey c. 1792. These details have not been...
Country house
Fetcham Park [Purchased] 
description →
Fetcham Park in Surrey, bought in 1792 by Thomas Hankey I, who completed the remodelling of the house with the addition of north and south wings begun earlier in 1788. The estate was owned by the...

Relationships (4)

Father → Son
Father → Natural Son
Notes →
William Alers appears to have been born out of wedlock to Thomas Hankey I. He took the name Hankey in 1816....
Second Cousins
Father → Son

Addresses (2)

18 Bedford Square, London, Middlesex, London, England
Fetcham Park, Fetcham, Surrey, South-east England, England