Spring

Estate Details

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Associated People (15)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1712 [EY] → Owner
- 1802 [EY] → Owner

Brought to Sir John Hugh Smyth by marriage to Elizabeth Woolnough c. 1757.

1740 [EA] - 1743 [LA] → Attorney
1741 [EA] - 1741 [LA] → Joint owner
1752 [EA] - 1759 [LA] → Joint owner
1753 [EA] - → Joint owner
1753 [EA] - → Attorney
1758 [EA] - 1759 [LA] → Joint owner
1761 [EA] - 1802 [LA] → Joint owner
1778 [EA] - 1802 [LA] → Joint owner

Reportedly brought to Sir John Hugh Smyth by marriage to Elizabeth Woolnough c. 1757. In fact it appears that a moiety (half) of the estate was owned by Rebecca Woolnough and transmitted to Elizabeth and John Hugh Smyth.

1788 [EA] - 1794 [LA] → Previous owner
1802 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Owner
1809 [EA] - 1811 [LA] → Joint owner
1817 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Previous owner
1826 [EA] - 1830 [LA] → Not known

Certainly trustee and executor and possibly owner


Associated Claims (1)

£2,109 13S 0D

Notes

"Robert Aldworth, the well-known merchant and landowner, and Mayor of Bristol in 1609, having no direct heir, bequeathed his considerable estate to Giles Elbridge, who had married his niece. Unfortunately the exact relationship between Giles and Thomas Elbridge of New England, head of the family, (see Genealogical Table B), is as yet unknown, but it is clear that the Aldworth wealth made the fortune of the Elbridge family, and at least two members of it were named Aldworth, after its benefactor.

"Aldworth Elbridge's share of the Spring Plantation estate in Jamaica he devised to his two daughters Mary and Rebecca in equal shares. Mary sold her share to her uncle Robert, and Rebecca hers to her uncle John.

"Robert Elbridge, younger brother of Aldworth, bequeathed his estates in Jamaica to his wife Mary for life, then to John and Thomas his brothers, and Mary and Rebecca his nieces, in equal proportions.

"Therefore, by various means, a considerable estate eventually came into the hands of John Elbridge, who at his death left in addition personal wealth of something like £75,000. After legacies his residual estate was divided between Rebecca his niece and Thomas his nephew. Rebecca's share eventually came to Elizabeth Woolnough her daughter, and so to John Hugh Smyth. Thomas Elbridge and Ann his wife both died in 1743, leaving no heir. Letters of administration for Ann were taken out by Mrs. Ann Hort, her mother, who thus became entitled to one half of the residual estate of John Elbridge. She appears frequently in the Woolnough papers as a result, often as a co-heir of the Elbridge estates with John Hugh Smyth, as in the case of the land at Eastington, Glos. used for the Stroudwater Canal Development scheme, [AC/WO/14/24-28]."

['Eldridge Family' papers at Bristol Record Office, including correspondence about the management of Spring estate, see http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/9ab56568-8988-4b9c-b98b-be209541de40 [accessed 19/02/2018].


Estate Information (49)

What is this?

1740
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, old iron, wainage, livestock and rent of mountain land  
 

Account filed by Mrs. Mary Elbridge.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 95
1741
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle, copper, land rental and provisions  
 

Estate in mateship between the heirs of the late John Elbridge Esq. deceased and Mrs. Mary Elbridge. Account filed by Mr. William Daling.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 152
1743
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum and provisions  
 

Under the care and direction of Mrs. Mary Elbridge as attorney. Account filed by William Dalling.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 83
1752
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Belonging to Mrs. Rebeccah Woolnough and Mrs. James Day. Account filed by James Watson one of the attornies for the plantation.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 127
1753
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum, plantains, yams, fruit and livestock  
 

Estate with Watson Swymmer & Co. Account filed by Thomas French of the parish of Kingston Esq. one of the attorneys for the estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 172
1754
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Watson Swymmer (sp?) & Co. Account filed by Swymmer (sp?) one of the attorneys.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/3 2
1755
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Watson Swymmer & co. Account filed by William Swymmer, one of the attorneys.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/3 19
1757
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses, copper, pewter  
 

With Watson Swymmer & co. Account filed by William Swymmer, one of the attorneys of Mrs Rebeccah Woolnough.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/3 60
1758
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Belonging to Mrs Rebecca Woolnough and Thomas French Esquire. Account filed by James Watson, one of the attorneys of Rebecca Woolnough.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/3 92
1759
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses  
 

Property of Mrs Rebecca Woolnough & Thomas French Esquire. Account filed by William Swymmer, attorney to Mrs Rebecca Woolnough, one of the proprietors.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/3 149
1778
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Come into the hand of William Dalhouse and John Stephens as attoneys to John Hugh Smith Esq. as one of the proprietors of the said estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 93
1779
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Come into the hand of William Dalhouse and John Stephens as attoneys to John Hugh Smith Esq. as one of the proprietors of the said estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 132
1780
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Come into the hand of William Dalhouse and John Stephens as attoneys to John Hugh Smith Esq. as one of the proprietors of the said estate. Account filed by William Dalhouse, merchant of Kingston.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 216
1788
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

In the possession of and under the care and management of Messrs Hibbert, Stephens and Racster attornies for Sir John Hugh Smyth Bart. the proprietor of one moiety of the estate and the Hon. Charles Hall Esquire attorney to Messrs Rothley and Stratton trustees of the estate of James Day Esquire deceased, the properietors of the other moiety made on the estate. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/15 359-360
1789
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

In the possession of Messrs Hibbert and Raesler [?] attornies for Sir John Hugh Smyth Bart. the properietor of one moiety of the estate and the Hon. Charles Hall Esquire attorney to Messrs Rothley and Stratton trustees of the estate of James Day Esquire deceased the proprietor of the other moiety. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 290
1790
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum, cattle  
 

In the possesion of and under the care and management of Messieurs Hibbert, Hull and Fuhr attornies for Sir Jn. Hugh Smyth Bart. the proprietor of one moiety of the estate and of the Hon. Charles Hull Esquire attorney to Messieurs Rothley and Shalton [= Stratton] trustees of the estate of James Day Esquire deceased the proprietor of the other moiety of the estate. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/17 429-430 [f.215]
1791
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

In the possession of and under the care and management of Messrs Hibbert Hall and Fuhr attornies for Sir John Hugh Smyth Bart., the proprietor of one moiety of the estate, and of the Hon. Charles Hall Esquire attorney to Messrs Rothley and Stratton trustees of the estate of James Day [?] Esquire deceased, the proprietors of the other moiety. Account filed by Peter Stuart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/18 229 [f.109]
1792
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Under the care and management of Messrs Hibbert, Hall and Fuhr attornies to Sir John Hugh Smyth Bart the proprietor of one moiety of the plantation and the Hon. Cha.s Hall Esquire attorney to Messrs Bothley and Stratton, trustees of the estate of James Day Esquire deceased, the proprietors of the other moiety. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/19 173-174
1793
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

In the possession and under the care and management of Messrs Hibbert, Hall and Fuhr attornies to Sir John Hugh Smyth bart the proprietors of one moiety of the estate; and of Charles Hall Esq attorney to Messrs Rothby and Shalton trustees of the estate of James Day Esq deceased the proprietors of the other moiety. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer for the period 01/01/1793 to 31/12/1793.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/20 37
1794
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

In the possession of Messrs Hibbert, Hall and Fuhr attornies to Sir John Hugh Smyth Bart the proprietor of one moiety of the estate; and of the Hon Charles Hall Esq attorney to Messrs Rothby and Stratton trustees of the estate of James Day Esq deceased the proprietor of the other moiety. Account filed by Peter Stewart as overseer for the period 01/01/1793 to 31/12/1793.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 40
1795
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Joseph Young?.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/22 37
1796
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Daniel Bridges, late overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/23
1798
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Delivered on the order of John Robertson as overseer who died 06/07/1798. Account filed by James Pitkin as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/24 155
1798
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted In St Andrew as a sugar estate with a cattle mill in James Robertson's 1804 map of Jamaica.

 
To the King's most excellent Majesty, this map of the island of Jamaica, constructed from actual surveys. . . (London, J. Robertson, 1804), based on Robertson's survey of the county of Surrey which he compeleted in 1798.
1799
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by James Petkins.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/26 28
1800
[Name] Spring Plantation  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Owner details not recorded. Account filed by James Pitken as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/28 125
1801
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Owner details not recorded. Account filed by James Pitkin as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/29 202
1807
[Name] Spring  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by David Duncomb as attorney for the property.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/37 96-97
1809
[Number of enslaved people] 126(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 51  
 

Registered to Smyth & Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11Andr.htm. The 1811 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter for 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 124(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 5  
 

Registered to Smyth & Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812and.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 128(Tot)  
[Name] The Spring Estate  
[Stock] 62  
 

Registered to Smyth & Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 124(Tot) 50(F) 74(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Corne Pownall as attorney to the dowager Lady Elizabeth Smyth and the executors of Anthony Palmer Collings late of the city of Bristol in England deceased.

 
T71/125 599
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 122(Tot)  
[Name] The Spring Estate  
[Stock] 62  
 

Registered to Smyth & Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al08.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 124(Tot)  
[Name] The Spring Estate  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p09.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 121(Tot)  
[Name] ?Spring Estate  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_06.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 124(Tot) 50(F) 74(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Corne Pownall as attorney to the Dowager Lady Elizabeth Smyth and the executor of Anthony Palmer Collings Esq.

 
T71/126 12
1821
[Number of enslaved people] 124(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 68  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1822) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al22p09.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 121(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 68  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1824) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL24andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 121(Tot) 48(F) 73(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of James Corne Pownall as attorney to the dowager Lady Elizabeth Smith and the executors of Anthony Collins deceased.

 
T71/130 865
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 118(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 52  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al11.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 118(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
 

Registered to Smyth and Collings.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1827) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1827al07.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 118(Tot) 49(F) 69(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Edward Reeve as attorney to the Revd. Israel Lewis and the executors of AP Collings Esq. (deceased).

 
T71/133 506
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 118(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 3  
 

Registered to Rev. Israel Lewis et al.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al10.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1828
[Number of enslaved people] 113(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
 

Registered to Rev. Israel Lewis.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1829) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al29andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 114(Tot) 47(F) 67(M)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Joseph Gordon Esq. as attorney of the Rev. Israel Lewis, owner.

 
T71/135 222
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 110(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 4  
 

Registered to Israel Lewis.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 133(Tot)  
[Name] Spring estate  
[Stock] 16  
 

Registered to estate of Francis Clark.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 130(Tot)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
[Stock] 16  
 

Registered to estate of Francis Clark.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Andr.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 133(Tot) 59(F) 74(M)  
[Name] Spring Estate  
 

Joseph Gordon and George Atkinson as executors for Sarah Clark and and Elizabeth Clark beneficiaries under the last will and testament of the late Francis Clark.

 
T71/137 203