Mary Chandler

???? - 1833

Claimant or beneficiary


Absentee slave-owner in Jamaica, dying in London in 1833, when she left significant personalty, some of which she explicitly related to the produce of her estates [and of the enslaved people attached to them]. 'Maternal heirs' of Mary Chandler (Mary Cotton and William Samuel Augustine Ellis, both of whom q.v.) were awarded part of the compensation for the Seven Plantations estate in Clarendon Jamaica, which had belonged to Rev. Dr George Chandler ne Gascoyne, Mary Chandler's father. The other part went to trustees of other relatives of her father in the Gascoyne family.

  1. The will of Mary Chandler spinster of St Marylebone [made in 1819] was proved 04/07/1833. The will gives her address as Upper George Street. She left the property in England and Jamaica she had inherited from 'my late father the Rev. Dr George Chandler' in trust for her mother Harriot Chandler for life, and then to her uncles Joseph Gascoyne of Tavistock Square and Sabine Gascoyne of Haverfordwest, and her aunts Sarah Burt and Mary Gascoyne of Twickenham. Her residuary heir was her brother-in-law William Cotton, whom she also described as her 'cousin'. The will also refers to two sets of securities of £36,000 bank stock and £31,536 18s 8d in consols. apparently arising under her parents' marriage settlement: the provisions for these are not entirely clear but she appears to have left these in trust for her mother for life, then £15,000 to her aunts and uncles and the remainder to William Cotton. In a codicil of 1833, she directed that £22,000 in 3% consols 'having been purchased with money arising from the produce of the said West India Estates' pass to her uncle Sabine, her aunts and to the daughter of her late uncle Joseph.

  2. Mary Harriot [sic] Chandler, daughter of Rev. Dr George and Harriot Chandler, was baptised at St Marylebone 25/11/1794, and married William Cotton (q.v.) in 1814, when Mary Chandler was a witness and Harriet Chandler gave consent for the marriage as the guardian of Mary Harriet Chandler under the will of George Chandler.


T71/859 Clarendon nos. 410A B & C.

  1. PROB 11/1818/508.

  2., London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 [database online].        


Further Information

[died unmarried]

Mary Chandler of Upper George Street, Spinster. Dated 29/01/1819.

Payment of all just debts and funeral expenses.

To my cousin [sic] William Cotton of Upper Berkeley Street, Henry Davidson of Bedford Square and Thomas Crafer of the Treasury Chambers Whitehall Esquire all my share and interest in the real and personal property whatsoever in England, Jamaica or elsewhere which I inherited from the will of my late father Rev. Dr. George Chandler upon trust to my mother Harriet Chandler and after her decease to my uncles Joseph Gascoyne of Tavistock Square, Sabine Gascoyne of Haverfordwest, aunts Sarah Burt and Mary Gascoyne both of Twickenham to be equally divided share and share alike as tenants in common.

The remainder of my personal estate to William Cotton.

Codicil 30/04/1829

To Theophila Clement and Mary Ann Hortin servants of my late mother an annuity of £100 p.a.

To Margaret Angell servant to my dear late father £50 p.a.

To Charles Streater Ellis son of Rev. William Ellis of Thames Ditton £50 p.a.

To Sophia Dawson of Lower Belgrave Place Pimlico £20 p.a.

That Charles Streater Ellis may not assign, transfer or mortgage his annuity.

Codicil 14/05/1833

Having in my will in case of my mother's death bequeathed my West India property to my late father's family and having bequeathed all my personal property to William Cotton who married my late sister subject to the payment of certain annuities I hereby confirm that disposition of my estate and effects with this exception viz. the sum outstanding in my name in the books of the Bank of England in the 3% consolidated annuities (about £22,000) having been purchased with money arising from the produce of the said West India Estates I theretofore give and bequeath all these monies to my late father's family viz 1/4 to my aunt Sarah Burt, 1/4 to my uncle Sabine Gascoyne, 1/4 to my aunt Mary Gascoyne and 1/4 to Sarah Lushington daughter of my late uncle Joseph Gascoyne for her sole and separate use.

To my sincere friend Rev. James Ventris of Booding in Suffolk £1000.

To my servant Edward Bush £10 p.a.

Will proved in London 04/07/1833 by William Cotton and Thomas Crafer, surviving executors.

Associated Claims (1)

£5,849 6s 10d
Beneficiary deceased

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1809 [SY] - 1833 [EY] → Tenant-in-common

Mary inherited Seven Plantations from her father George as joint owner with her mother Harriet and sisters Harriet Mary and Sarah. By the time of her death in 1833 she owned 3/4 of the estate.

Relationships (12)

Niece → Aunt
Daughter → Father
First Cousins
Notes →
Sarah's father Joseph Gascoyne and Mary's father George Chandler ne Gascoyne were...
Other relatives
Notes →
Mary was the great-niece of George Chandler. Mary's grandmother Sarah Chandler was George's...
Other relatives
Notes →
Charles was married to Mary's first cousin Sarah Lushington nee...
Other relatives
Notes →
Sarah was the wife of Mary's great uncle George...
Daughter → Mother
Sister-in-law → Brother-in-law
Notes →
William was married to Mary's sister Mary...
Niece → Aunt
Niece → Uncle

Addresses (2)

Brighton, Sussex, South-east England, England
Notes →

Presumably a temporary address: "At Brighton, Mary Chandler, of Upper George-st, Bryanston-sq, surviving dau. of late Rev. Dr. Chandler, of Myles's, Essex".

Upper George Street, Bryanstone Square, London, Middlesex, London, England