Osgood Hanbury I

1731 - 1784


Father of Osgood Hanbury II and Charles Hanbury (each of whom q.v.) and grandfather of Thomas Fowell Buxton the abolitionist. Slave-owner on Barbados where he was joint owner of Locust Hall estate. Son of John Hanbury (1700-1758) Virginia merchant. Osgood Hanbury continued his father's partnership with his father's cousin Capel Hanbury (d. 1769), whose descendants were partners in Allen & Hanburys, a predecessor firm of the pharmaceutical company GSK.

  1. 'Osgood Hanbury at first continued his father's North American firm in partnership with Capel Hanbury...During the American War of Independence he compensated in part for the loss of his Chesapeake trade by expanding his West Indies business through the firm of Hanbury and Gosling. In 1770 he had also joined in founding the London bank of Hanbury, Taylor, Lloyd, and Bowman in partnership with his father-in-law. This firm, continued by his descendants for four generations, served as the London correspondents of Taylors and Lloyds, the family's bank in Birmingham, until absorbed in 1884 into what ultimately became the modern Lloyds Bank. Through the marriage of his daughter Anna to Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, bt, brewer and anti-slavery activist [sic: in fact Anna Hanbury married Thomas Fowell Buxton d. 1793, and was the mother of the abolitionist], Osgood Hanbury was also the progenitor of the numerous Buxtons and Hanburys who over many generations managed the Truman, Hanbury, and Buxton brewery. He died in 1784.'

  2. Will of Osgood Hanbury of Coggeshall Essex proved 03/02/1784. The will is brief, leaving all his [unspecified] freehold property to his eldest son and his personal estate among his younger children, subject to the education of the money he had settled on his daughter Anna wife of Thomas Fowell Buxton of Berkhamsted and on his daughter Rachel wife of Richard Gurney of Norwich.


  1. Price, Jacob M. "Hanbury, John (1700–1758), merchant." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 29 Nov. 2017. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-53741, which contains the above profile of John Hanbury's son Osgood Hanbury I.

  2. PROB 11/1113/17.

Further Information


Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1776 [EA] - 1796 [LA] → Mortgage Holder

The specific mortgage has not been traced: commentary in Hughes-Queree suggest that Hanbury and Gosling were mortgagees from 1776.

1771 [EA] - 1771 [LA] → Joint owner

Hughes-Queree shows the estate being purchased in 1771 by Hanbury & Gosling.

Legacies Summary

Commercial (2)

Name partner
Hanbury and Gosling
West India merchant - Barbados  
Founding partner

Relationships (5)

Business partners
Father → Son
Business partners
Father → Son
Testator → Executor
Notes →
In 1778 Osgood Hanbury and John Asgill Gosling took on the administration of the will of Francis Blower as attorneys of Blower's daughter Ann Falkingham, Richard Gosling (who was granted...

Addresses (1)

Coggeshall, Essex, South-east England, England