Neill Malcolm 12th of Poltalloch

26th Jul 1769 - 1837

Claimant or beneficiary


Son of Neill Malcolm 11th of Poltalloch (q.v.) and Mary Houghton nee Brisset, and father of Neill Malcolm 13th of Poltalloch and John Malcolm (each of whom q.v). Left £500,000 at his death in 1837. The Malcolm family have a recent entry in the ODNB that details the role of Neill Malcolm (ii) or 12th of Poltalloch in accelerating his father's move from trade to investment in Britain and portrays him as a 'paternalistic' landlord in Scotland. But note also that the ODNB entry shows that the Malcolm family of Poltalloch (over the period from about 1750–1857) illustrate how slave-owning 'offered a minor west of Scotland landholding family the opportunity to transform themselves into wealthy chieftains who combined new money with the traditional trappings of authority, enjoying interests and dependents on three continents. They moved from followers of the Campbell dukes of Argyll into challengers for influence with their own property in London. However, the end of slavery in the West Indies exposed the shallowness of their position and Neill (iii) [1797-1857] relocated both his colonial ambitions and many of his Argyll dependants to Canada and Australia. They were remembered largely for their ownership of slaves in Jamaica and their unsympathetic treatment of tenants in Argyll.'

  1. Married Mary Anne Orme in 1797. Their son John Malcolm (1805-1893), 1st Baron Malcolm of Poltalloch, is in the ODNB as 'art collector and landowner.' The entry says that his father 'owned extensive landed estates in Argyllshire and sugar plantations in Jamaica.' John Malcolm inherited from his brother Neill Malcolm 13th of Poltalloch in 1857.

  2. Neill Malcolm was a partner in Stirling Gordon until 31/05/1828, when he inserted his son David Cuthbert Orme Malcolm as partner.


W.D. Rubinstein, Who were the rich? A biographical directory of British wealth-holders Vol. 1 1809-1839 p. 451 reference 1837/24; Matthew Kilburn, ‘Malcolm family of Poltalloch (per. 1750–1857)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2016 [, accessed 18 Nov 2016]; see also Allan I. MacInnes 'Commercial Landlordism and Clearance in the Highlands: The Case of Arichonan' in Juan Pan-Montojo, Frederik Pedersen (eds.) Communities in European History: Representations, Jurisdictions, Conflicts (Pisa, 2007) pp. 47-64 [accessed 11/07/2017[ (we are grateful to Jim Brennan for drawing this reference to our attention).

  1. Stephen Coppel, ‘Malcolm, John, of Poltalloch (1805–1893)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2005 [, accessed 15 Jan 2015].

  2. Edinburgh Gazette 3656, 17 June 1828 p. 159.

Further Information

Mary Anne Orme
Neill (1797-1857), John (1805-1893)
Wealth at death
West India merchant and plantation owner

Associated Claims (13)

£4,071 19s 9d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,043 19s 3d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,651 14s 10d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£1,217 7s 8d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,888 14s 10d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£5,358 14s 4d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£2,870 0s 5d
Unsuccessful claimant (consensual) (Mortgagee)
Neill Malcolm appears with his former partners in a group of claimants as mortgagees, but the award was made in the names of the continuing partners only.
£4,206 4s 11d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,266 1s 11d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£4,655 14s 2d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)
£2,790 6s 3d
Unsuccessful claimant (consensual) (Mortgagee)
Malcolm appears with his former partners in a group of claimants as mortgagees, but the award was made in the names of the continuing partners only.
£97 5s 11d
£2,509 12s 10d
Awardee (Owner-in-fee)

Associated Estates (14)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1812 [SY] - 1826 [LA] → Trustee
1830 [EA] - 1837 [EY] → Owner
1832 [EA] - 1837 [EY] → Owner
1815 [EA] - 1837 [EY] → Owner
1801 [SY] - → Trustee
1807 [EA] - 1837 [LA] → Owner
1815 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1819 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1815 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1839 [LA] → Owner
1820 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Owner
1817 [EA] - 1826 [LA] → Trustee
1829 [EA] - → Not known

Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Stirling, Gordon & Co.
West India merchant  

Physical (1)

Country house
Poltalloch House [Built] 

Relationships (5)

Business partners
Son → Father
Father → Son
Father → Son
Nephew → Uncle
Notes →
Neill Malcolm 12th was also the executor, trustee and residuary heir of his uncle Donal Malcolm in...

Addresses (2)

Poltalloch House, Kilmartin, Argyll, Argyll and Bute, Scotland
Upper Seymour Street, London, Middlesex, London, England