Estate Details

Associated People (7)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association

Alderman Richard Oliver is shown as having owned Clarkes in a note [no dates given] by C Eickelmann and D Small, [which refers to 'The History of Clarke's Estate on Nevis: From Sugar Plantation to Luxury Resort', unpublished MSS, 2001), at [accessed 31/01/2018]. The site carries fuller details of meticulous research on other estates on Nevis.

- 1817 [EY] → Owner
1822 [EA] - 1822 [LA] → Other
1822 [EA] - 1822 [LA] → Other
1825 [EA] - 1825 [LA] → Owner
1828 [EA] - 1828 [LA] → Owner

The estate was 'given up' to Charles Pinney as mortgagee

1831 [EA] - 1834 [LA] → Owner

Associated Claims (1)

£2,710 10S 8D


  1. Now the Four Seasons Hotel and Resort

  2. 'In 2000 and 2001 we conducted a search for documentary evidence for Clarke's Estate (now the Four Seasons Resort). This plantation bordered Mountravers to the north and was once owned by the radical Alderman Richard Oliver of London and by John Henry Clarke and his family. In 1830 Peter Thomas Huggins of Mountravers purchased the property. Huggins acquired it after its slave population had undergone a particularly difficult period of shortages, illnesses and unrest (C Eickelmann and D Small The History of Clarke's Estate on Nevis: From Sugar Plantation to Luxury Resort, unpublished MSS, 2001).

Fieldwalking, conducted in 2002 at the possible location of a ninteenth-century slave village, revealed pottery scatter similar to that found at Mountravers, as well as structures that need further investigation. Another visit to the site in 2004 suggested that a potentially important slave village site was about to be destroyed by developers, without prior recording of the archaeological remains.'


  1. [accessed 09/07/2015]

  2. Christine Eickelmann and David Small, [accessed 31/01/2018].

Estate Information (6)

What is this?

[Number of enslaved people] 234(Tot)  
[Name] Clarkes  

Return of John Henry Clarke, owner

T71/364 Oct-14
[Number of enslaved people] 207(Tot)  
[Name] Clarke's  

Return of Mary Hannah Clarke; returned by Joseph Henry Clarke

T71/365 54-56
[Name] Clarkes  

Return of John H Clarke, owner; appears to be same estate which was in the possession of Mary Hannah Clarke in 1822 (no John Clarke, Sr. or Jr., appears in that register); no total is given

T71/366 38- 39 and 41-43
[Number of enslaved people] 141(Tot) 79(F) 62(M)  
[Name] Clarkes  

Return of Charles Pinney, owner; submitted by Walter Maynard; 136 of the enslaved people listed were "given up to the possession of Charles Pinney Esq. by J H Clarke Esq."; in the same volume is an estate listed as Stewards which is owned by John Henry Clarke and Frederick Clarke and returned by Frederick W. Clarke; All 141 enslaved people were "given up to Charles Pinney as mortgagee of the Estate" (pp 166-171)

T71/367 26-31
[Number of enslaved people] 145(Tot)  
[Name] Clarkes  

"late of Charles Pinney and belonging to or in the lawful possession of Peter Thomas Huggins"

T71/368 52
[Number of enslaved people] 148(Tot)  
[Name] Clarkes  

Return of Peter Thomas Huggins, owner; returned by W L Bucke

T71/369 144