Estate Details

Associated People (9)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1804 [SY] - 1809 [EY] → Mortgage Holder
1804 [SY] - 1809 [EY] → Mortgage Holder
1809 [SY] - 1821 [EY] → Joint owner
1809 [SY] - 1833 [EY] → Joint owner
1770 [EA] - 1774 [LA] → Mortgage Holder

Pembroke was added to the security package for Maitland and Boddingtons in 1770 when the firm was owed £61,690 by Sir William Young, and released in 1774, when the mortgage debt had been cut to £38,411 7s 1d.

Deed Book 1800, British Library, EAP688/1/1/11, pp. 198-222 .

1770 [EA] - 1774 [LA] → Mortgage Holder
1770 [EA] - 1774 [LA] → Mortgage Holder
1774 [EA] - 1788 [EY] → Owner
1788 [EA] - 1804 [LA] → Owner

Associated Claims (1)

£5,110 6S 7D

Estate Information (11)

What is this?

[Name] Pembroke  

An indenture of 03/10/1799 in the St Vincent Deed Book for 1800 summarised the trajectory of the lending by the London merchant firm of Boddingtons to Sir William Young 1st bart. and Sir William Young 2nd bart. The deed was between (1) Samuel Boddington and Richard Sharp, the then partners in Boddingtons, (2) Bryan Edwards, Alexander Cuthbert, John Simpson, and William Wilder of Mark Lane (3) Thomas Boddington of St John Hackney (q.v. under Thomas Boddington of Clapton); and Ambrose Weston and Thomas Weston of Fenchurch Street. It showed (1) under a deed of 10/05/1760 William Young of Standlynch mortgaged an estate near Body Ponds and the Old Road estate of 333 acres and the enslaved people attached to them in Antigua to Richard Maitland, Benjamin Boddington [the elder] and Thomas Boddington [of Clapton] to secure £7000; (2) under indentures of 13 and 14/02/1766 Nathaniel Webb of St George Hanover Square, brother and heir of Robert Webb, had agreed for the Boddingtons to take over the mortgage that Robert Webb had under indentures of 06 and 07/06/1757 taken on by paying £5000 to pay off the earlier mortgage of John Banister late of Antigua on Sit William Young's property there; (3) under indentures of 24 and 25/01/1770 Sir William Young of Delaford issued 8 bonds to secure his total debt to Boddingtons, then £61,690, which was also secured on Queensbury, Pembroke and Calliaqua estates on St Vincent as well as the Antigua properties; (4) by 1774, the mortgage debt had been reduced to £38,411 7s 1d, and Body Ponds, Queensbury and Pembroke were released as security, leaving Old Road and Calliaqua still mortgaged; in 1799, Sir William Young 2nd bart. being desirous of clearing the remaining mortgage, he and the Boddingtons agreed with the London firm of Bryan Edwards (Edwards, Cuthbert, Simpson and Wilder) that he would issue 5 bills of exchange drawn upon Edwards' firm in favour of the Boddingtons, who would retain the mortgage until the bills were honoured. Deed Book 1800, British Library, EAP688/1/1/11, pp. 198-222 ...

[Number of enslaved people] 230(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke  
[Size] 450  
[Crop] sugar  

The largest and most valuable of Young's St Vincent holdings. Assessed as being worth £46,140 in 1773. Advertised as extending over 450 acres in all, with 330 planted with cane and to be worked by 230 'seasoned' slaves.

Email from Peter Marshall, 04/09/2017 sourced to: Bodleian Library Oxford, MS W. Ind, f.1 (notes this is the first volume of a collection of the papers of Young's son, the second Baronet; it largely deals with the management of his inheritance of West Indian lands from his father by Sir William Young the second); National Archives, TS 11/214-17; Public Ledger 03/10/1774 and further advertisements for the largely abortive sale of Young's assets that appeared in the London press between 1774 and 1776.
[Number of enslaved people] 230(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke  
[Size] 450  
[Crop] Sugar  

In October 1774 the Pembroke estate was among those belonging to Sir William Young advertised as to be auctioned 01/06/1775. The estate passed to Sir William Young's son, Sir William Young 2nd bart., on his father's death in 1788.

Public Ledger 03/10/1774
[Name] Pembroke  

Indentures of 27 and 28/09/1803 between Alexander Donaldson and George Glenny of the one part and William Manning, John Inglis, Joseph Dorin and John Robley (each representing, and partner in, a different firm of London merchants) conveyed from Donaldson to the London merchants substantial 'slave-property'to secure the borrowing by Donaldson and Glenny of £60,000 of new capital from the firms of Manning, Inglis, Dorin and Robley secured by the estates and mortgages details previously. The second indenture of 28/09/1803 gave the [extended] background, and showed the conveyance [by mortgage] on 6 and 7/07/1801 to Alexander Donaldson and George Glenny, in exchange for a payment of £30,000 to Sir William Young of Huntercombe, of the Calliaqua estate, secured also by a bond of £60,000 from Sir William Young and the conveyance of the Pembroke estate in St Vincent by Sir William Young for £30,000 [possibly under the same mortgage as Calliaqua]. Deed Book 1804, British Library, EAP688/1/1/18, pp. 82-84 and pp. 86-138.

[Name] Pembroke  

In 1804 John Robley and Charles Brooke agreed to pay Alexander Donaldson £69,511 1s 6d for mortgage debt of £94,511 1s 6d secured on the estates (and the enslaved people) of Sir William Young bart. The estates were identified as Old Road in Antigua and Calliaqua and Pembroke in St Vincent. No cash appears to have changed hands upfront: instead John Robley & co. issued to Alexander Donaldson bills drawn on themselves. On 10 & 11 September 1804 Betsey's Hope on Tobago and the enslaved people on it were added to the security package underpinning the £94,511 1s 6d mortgage debt and any further advances Robley might make (up to £10,000 was envisaged for Betsey's Hope, it appears). In 1809 Robley bought the equity of redemption of Calliaqua and Pembroke under a sale by the Provost Marshall. The 'Calliaqua' estate, referred to as such by Sir William Laurence Young 4th bart in the 1830s, appears to have been described as the Villa estate in the compensation records.

Richard Bligh, New Reports of Cases Heard the House of Lords (1835) 'Robley v Brooke' Vol. VII pp. 92 et seq.
[Number of enslaved people] 240(Tot)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

John Robley and Charles Brook as owners.

T71/493 263-267
[Number of enslaved people] 219(Tot) 131(F) 88(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

The heirs of John Robley, deceased and Charles Brooke as owners [Decrease by deaths] 1 enslaved person purchased from David Boyd; 3 exchanged with Alexander McBarnet; 4 recorded as the property of the heirs of John Brown, deceased, but in the possession of John Robley and Charles Brooke and 1 other described as the property of the John Robley].

T71/495 127-129
[Number of enslaved people] 207(Tot) 127(F) 80(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

The heirs of the late John Robley and Charles Brooke, statement sworn by William Grant, manager.

T71/497 91-92
[Number of enslaved people] 201(Tot) 128(F) 73(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

The heirs of the late John Robley and Charles Brooke. Statement sworn by Alexander McBarnet.

T71/497 96-97
[Number of enslaved people] 191(Tot) 125(F) 66(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

Pembroke Estate. Statement sworn by William Grant.

T71/499 86-87
[Number of enslaved people] 194(Tot) 127(F) 67(M)  
[Name] Pembroke Estate  

Pembroke Estate. The property of the heirs of John Robley and Charles Brooke, deceased. Statement sworn by William Grant. Register taken on 1st May. Total on 1st August 1834 was 195 enslaved people.

T71/500 136-139