Joseph Gardner

???? - 1780


Owner of Mt Tirzah in Westmoreland until his death c. 1780.

  1. 'Joseph Gardner owned a sugar plantation called Estate Mount Tirzah in Savanalamar, Jamaica. Gardner’s business affairs concerning the plantation were unsettled at the time of his death in 1780. His brother, Theophilus Gardner, a merchant living in Philadelphia, spent the next several years trying to manage or sell the property from afar, and in 1789 went to Jamaica to deal with the estate. Information about either Joseph or Theophilus Gardner is scarce. Theophilus was a member of the Westmoreland parish church and probably married Mary Dyer in 1758 in Philadelphia.'

  2. Joseph Gardner of Westmoreland, planter. Estate probated in Jamaica in 1781. Slave-ownership at probate: 110 of whom 64 were listed as male and 46 as female. 24 were listed as boys, girls or children. Total value of estate at probate: £8040.49 Jamaican currency of which £7180.25 currency was the value of enslaved people. Estate valuation included £0 currency cash, £527.15 currency debts and £0 currency plate.


  1. Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan Finding aid for Gardner Family Papers, 1776-1789.

  2. Trevor Burnard, Database of Jamaican inventories, 1674-1784.

Associated Estates (2)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1780 [EA] - 1780 [LA] → Owner

The estate was in the hands of a receiver

1783 [EA] - 1789 [LA] → Previous owner

Inventories (1)