Matthew Crawford

???? - 1815


Slave-owner in Jamaica, owner of Gilnock Hall pen in St Elizabeth, Jamaica, resident there until at least 1790 but dying in Edinburgh in 1815. He was from a Glaswegian mercantile and medical family.

  1. 1762 [matriculation of] MATTHEW CRAWFORD 1st son of John surgeon of Glasgow. Of Gilnook [sic] Hall, Jamaica, d. at Teviot Row, Edin., 25 April 1815. '"The heir at law and present representative of the ancient family of Crawfordland is Matthew Crawford Esq. in Jamaica, son of the late John Crawford, surgeon in Glasgow, whose grandfather was son to Crawfordland" Glasgow Courier 2 March 1793. (2178).'

  2. 1783 Crawford, John, white, reputed son of Matthew Crawford by Mary Kelly born 07/06/1783 baptized 10/25/1786 in St. Elizabeth.


Jamaica Almanac 1790, which shows him as a Lieutenant in the St Elizabeth militia; James Paterson, History of the County of Ayr: With a Genealogical Account of the Families of Ayrshire, Volume 2 1852 p. 501, which also shows a brother John of the island of Jamaica, who married a Miss Mary Johnston of New York.

  1. "The Matriculation Albums of the University of Glasgow from 1728 to 1858." W. Innes Addison. James Maclehose and Sons, Glasgow. 1913. in Excerpts from CARIBBEANA , Volume IV at [15/9/2015].

  2. B0037, I, p. 51 Extracts from PARISH REGISTERS- ANGLICAN CHURCH A - E

We are grateful to Neil Barrow for compiling this entry.

Further Information


Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1797 [EA] - → Owner