Sir George Colebrooke 2nd Bart.

1729 - 1809


MP, banker and speculator and slave-owner in Antigua and elsewhere in the Caribbean, Husband of Mary Gaynor, daughter and heir of Peter [the ODNB gives Patrick] Gaynor (d. 1738); Sir George Colebrooke is shown as having inherited £200,000 from his father-in-law, but presumably the property in fact was Mary Gaynor's until her marriage. Their second son Sir James Edward Colebrooke (q.v.) succeeded his father in 1809 after the death of both Sir George Colebrooke and their eldest son that year.

  1. Sir George Colebrooke has an entry in the ODNB as 'banker'. He was MP for Arundel 1754-1774, and Chairman of the East India Co. His bank closed its doors in 1773 and he was bankrupted in 1777 after loses including £190,000 in speculation on hemp, but appears to have recovered some of his property before his death in 1809.

  2. His younger son Henry Thomas Colebrooke is in the ODNB as 'administrator in India and scholar.'

  3. In 1786 a group of creditors of Sir George Colebrooke & Co known as the 'Second Shop creditors' were called to consider the sale of estate in Grenada and Dominica mortgaged to Sir George Colebooke and assigned by him to the creditors.


R.B. Sheridan ‘The rise of a colonial gentry: a case study of Antigua 1730-1775’ Economic History Review NS 13.3 (1961) pp. 342-357, at p. 349.

  1. H. V. Bowen, ‘Colebrooke, Sir George, second baronet (1729–1809)’, rev. Anita McConnell, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 [, accessed 21 March 2015]; [accessed 05/09/2016].

  2. Richard F. Gombrich, ‘Colebrooke, Henry Thomas (1765–1837)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [, accessed 21 March 2015].

  3. London Gazette 12748 02/05/1786 p. 192.

Further Information

Mary Gaynor
James Edward; Henry Thomas
Oxford DNB Entry

Associated Estates (5)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
- 1809 [EY] → Tenant-for-life
- 1809 [EY] → Tenant-for-life

Sir George Colebrooke is also identifiable with reasonable confidence as one of the annuitants for £200 p.a.on these estates shown in 1792

1770 [EA] - 1771 [LA] → Joint owner
1799 [EA] - 1799 [LA] → Mortgage Holder

In 1799 the interest of the assignees of Sir George Colebrooke in a mortgage of £15000 on the Grenville Vale estate in Grenada, subject to a prior mortgage held by Alexander Crawford for £13,000 was advertised for sale in London.

- 1782 [EY] → Joint owner

Legacies Summary

Imperial (1)

East India Company
notes →
Sir George Colebrooke served as Chairman of the East India Co. in 1769, 1770 and...
sources →
H. V. Bowen, ‘Colebrooke, Sir George, second baronet (1729–1809)’, rev. Anita McConnell, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008...

Physical (1)

Gatton Park 
description →
Landscaping by Capability Brown for 'Sr. George Colebook Bart.' 'An extensive commission involving "several journeys" and the expenditure of £3,055 between 1762-8. Brown noted that he supplied a...

Political (1)

election →
Arundel Sussex
1754 - 1774

Relationships (6)

Other relatives
Notes →
Aubrey's 1st marriage was to a niece of Sir George...
Mortgagor → Mortgagee
Father → Son
Deceased Husband → Widow
Business associates
Other relatives
Notes →
Charles Bennet married Emma Colebrooke, the niece of Sir George...