Henry Cruger senior

1707 - 1780


Merchant and slave-owner of Jamaica and then New York, dying 'of Bristol' c. 1780.

  1. Owner of 300 acres and 30 enslaved people in St Andrew, Jamaica in 1753. Henry Cruger was listed in the Jamaican Quit Rent books for 1754 as the owner of 250 acres of land in Port Royal, 513 acres in St Andrew and 15 acres in St Dorothy, total 778 acres.

  2. Will of Henry Cruger of Bristol proved 02/03/1780. He left his personal estate in Jamaica and his 'messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments' there to his son John Harris Cruger: he divided his estate in Britain and North America between his other children, including Henry Cruger jun., the Bristol merchant and MP. The latter has an entry in the ODNB as 'merchant and politician.'


  1. CO137/28 pp. 169-175 transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1753Andrew.htm; 'A List of landholders in the Island of Jamaica together with the number of acres each person possessed taken from the quit rent books in the year 1754', TNA CO 142/31 transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples2/1754lead.htm.

  2. PROB 11/1062/176; Flavell, Julie M. "Cruger, Henry (1739–1827), merchant and politician." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 23 Sep. 2004; Accessed 22 Jan. 2020. https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-40188.

Further Information

Married but no further details

Associated Estates (1)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1753 [EA] - → Owner

Relationships (3)

Father → Son
Father → Son
Other relatives
Notes →
Philip John Miles married (as his second wife) Clarissa Peach, the great grand-daughter of Henry Cruger...