John Cave

1736 - 1800


Bristol banker and industrialist. Two of his banking partners, two of his sons and his son-in-law appear as slave-owners and mortgagees or later among claimants of compensation, but to date he himself has not been traced in direction connections to slave-ownership.

  1. John Cave was baptised on 6th April 1736, the son of Edward Cave and Mary Hallward. He married Susanna Cox, daughter of Stephen Cox on 1st May, 1762.

  2. He was a founding partner in 1786 of the bank of Ames, Cave, Harford, Daubeny & Bright, later know as Cave, Ames & Cave.

  3. In 1789, his daughter Susanna Cave married Thomas Daniel, one of the largest slave compensation claimants and a later partner in Cave, Ames & Cave.

  4. His son John Cave married Penelope Oliver, part of an Antiguan slave-owning family.

  5. He died in 1800 leaving business holdings and properties to his sons John and Stephen (both slave compensation claimants) and property to his wife, Susanna. He was in partnership with his sons in John Cave & Co., and with George Daubey in Stevens Glass Concern, according to his will.


  1. [accessed 16/07/2020]

  2. RBS Heritage, Cave, Ames & Cave: [accessed 16/07/2020]

  3. Madge Dresser, ‘Daniel, Thomas (1762–1854)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2016 [, accessed 16/07/20]

  4. For a detailed family tree see 'Cave Archer Radcliffe and Miles Family Trees' by Elisabeth764 on,, England & Wales Marriages, 1538-1940 [database online]. batch no. C01086-4., England, Select Bristol Parish Registers, 1538-1900 [database online]. England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973 [database online]. 1841 census online. PROB 11/1967/323. Rev. Oliver Cave is in the CCEd (person id 103886) and in, Oxford University Alumni, 1500-1886 [database online]. There is an entry for Thomas Oliver in the Oxford Dictionary of National; Biography.

  5. The National Archives; Kew, England; Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Related Probate Jurisdictions: Will Registers; Class: PROB 11; Piece: 1338. Accessed 16/07/20: England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858 [database on-line].

Further Information

Susanna Cox
John Cave, Stephen Cave, Susanna Daniel (nee Cave)

Will proved 26/03/1800, PROB 11/1338.

John Cave late of the City of Bristol but now of Arno's Vale in the parish of Bedminster. Apportioned property and business capital between sons Stephen and John, with whom he was in copartnership, and properties to his wife, Susanna. He left an annuity of £250 p.a. to a third son, William, together with his shares in the Bristol Theatre.


Legacies Summary

Commercial (1)

Founding Partner

Relationships (5)

Father → Son
Father → Son
Father-in-law → Son-in-law
Business partners
Business associates
Notes →
In his will Nathaniel Strode said that his Bristol property was under the care of his 'beloved friends', Cave and Ames...

Addresses (1)

Arnos Vale, Bedminster, Somerset, South-west England, England