Richmond Estate (Old and New Works)

Estate Details

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Associated People (17)

The dates listed below have different categories as denoted by the letters in the brackets following each date. Here is a key to explain those letter codes:

  • SD - Association Start Date
  • SY - Association Start Year
  • EA - Earliest Known Association
  • ED - Association End Date
  • EY - Association End Year
  • LA - Latest Known Association
1737 [SY] - → Owner
- 1785 [LA] → Annuitant
1811 [SY] - 1834 [LA] → Owner
- 1786 [EY] → Annuitant
1775 [SY] - 1784 [EY] → Owner
1747 [SY] - 1775 [EY] → Owner
- 1747 [EY] → Owner
1767 [SY] - → Mortgage Holder
1767 [SY] - → Mortgage Holder
1737 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1737 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1775 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1775 [EA] - → Mortgage Holder
1782 [EA] - 1784 [LA] → Receiver
1792 [EA] - 1811 [EY] → Owner
1817 [EA] - → Attorney
1817 [EA] - 1832 [LA] → Attorney

Associated Claims (1)

£5,154 5S 8D

Notes

A sugar estate in St Ann. Owned by Gresham Ely in 1737 when he mortgaged it to Kingston merchants. The debts on the estate mounted until Ely sold the estate to Philip Pinnock in 1747. By the time Pinnock conveyed the estate to William Gray in 1775 the estate was indebted to Kingston and London merchants (including William Gray) and between £50k and £100k of debt had been secured on it. Gray split the estate into two separate sugar concerns, Richmond Old Works and Richmond New Works. The estate went into receivership in 1784 and then passed into the hands of Jacob Isaac Bernal. It was inherited by Bernal's son Ralph Bernal in 1811 and was still owned by him in 1834.

A set of deeds for Richmond is transcribed at Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 pp. 155-160.


Estate Information (46)

What is this?

1737
[Name] Richmond  
[Size] 1200  
[Crop] sugar  
 

Gresham Ely mortgaged Richmond for £10,000 to Abraham Gonsales and Jacob Gonsales, merchants of Kingston subject to repayment before 13/04/1742 with interest at 10 per cent.

At this time, the estate was described as consisting of 1200 acres, with a sugar works and enslaved people, 40 mules and 40 cattle. It was bounded to the west by land belonging to Captain John Cross and Mrs Sarah Wright, to the south by James Gray senior and James Gray junior deceased and Thomas Gray, to the east on land lately purchased by Gresham Ely of William Banks and St Ann's Harnour, with the sea on it's northern boundary.

 
Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 p. 155
1740
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum and molasses  
 

Estate of Gersham Ely Esq. deceased and now under the care and direction of Charles Price, Thomas Williams and William Menzies Esqs. Account filed by Nathaniel Butler bookeeper under Charles Price, Thomas Williams and William Menzies Esqs. executors of the last will and testament of the Honourable Gersham Ely Esq. deceased.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 82
1741
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum, pimento and corn  
 

Estate of Gersham Ely Esq. deceased being under the care and direction of John Walter Esq. Account filed by John Murray book keeper to the estate of the said Gersham Ely.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives, IB/11/4/1 140 - 141
1742
[Name] [no name given]  
[Crop] sugar, rum, molasses and pimento  
 

Estate of Gershom Ely Esq. deceased under the care and direction of John and William Ely Walter Esqrs. Account filed by Nathaniel Butler as book keeper to John and William Ely Walter Esqrs.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/2 40 - 41
1747
[Name] Richmond  
 

Gresham Ely conveyed Richmond to Philip Pinnock.

 
Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 p. 155
1767
[Name] Richmond  
 

Philip Pinnock mortgaged the estate to Barlow Trecothick and John Apthorpe of London, merchants, for £5432 at 5 per cent interest.

 
Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 p. 155
1775
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The properties of William Gray Esq. Account filed by William Murdoch and Donald Farquhason as overseers.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/8 2
1775
[Name] Richmond  
 

The estate was conveyed to William Gray by Philip Pinnock. The deed gives a list of debts owed on the estate, dating back to 1737. By 1773, Philip Pinnock owed £50,601 to David Lopes Torres and £17,597 to William Gray.

William Gray paid £20,350 to Jacob Gonsales to end one of the mortgages, and £30,251 to a group of Lousadas for another mortgage.

On 05/09/1775 in a deed between John Morse and Thomas Smith of London of the first part, William Gray of the second part and Hugh Lewis of the third part, William Grey "became bound in £60,000 to Morse and Smith conditioned for the payment of £30,000 on 08/07/1778 and assigned his estates to them and Gray had paid the £30,000 and the estates are now conveyed to Lewis in trust."

 
Vere Langford Oliver, Caribbeana being miscellaneous papers relating to the history, genealogy, topography, and antiquities of the British West Indies (6 vols., London, Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1910-1919) vol. 3 pp. 155-156
1776
[Name] Richmond  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The property of William Gray Esq. Account filed by William Murdock and Angus Polson.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/8 60
1777
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

The property of William Gray Esquire. Account filed by William Murdoch and Angus Polson as overseers. Richmond Old and New Works Estates filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 126
1778
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The properties of William Gray Esq. Account filed by Donald MacDonald as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 103-4
1779
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

The properties of William Gray Esq. Account filed by Donald MacDonald and Angus Polson as overseers.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/9 187
1780
[Name] Richmond Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

No ownership details given. Account filed by Donald MacDonald, overseer. Richmond & Newworks Estates filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/10 30
1782
[Name] Richmond  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Account filed by Donald MacDonald as planter. Emanuel Barish (sp) Lousada as receiver.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/7 148
1783
[Name] Richmond  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Whereof Emanuel B. Lousada the receiver appointed by the Court of Chancery. Account filed by Donald MacDonald.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 30
1784
[Name] Richmond  
[Crop] sugar and rum  
 

Whereof Emanuel B. Lousada the receiver appointed by the Court of Chancery. Account filed by Donald MacDonald.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/11 218
1784
[Name] Richmond  
 

A group of annuitants on Richmond reached agreement with Emanuel Baruch Lousada and Jacob Israel Bernal i13/10/1784 for the payment of their annuities to which the two estates [Old and New Works] were subject on their purchase by Lousada and Bernal [Caribbeana Vol. III pp. 156-7].

1786
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by William Murdoch and James Sullivan as overseers. Accounts filed for 01/01/1786 to 20/03/1787. Richmond Old and New Works Estates filed together.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 191-192
1787
[Name] Richmond Old Work  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by James Sullivan as overseer.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/15 54-55 f.28
1789
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by James Fraser planter.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/16 267
1790
[Name] Richmond Old Work  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Dugald McLachlan planter.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/17 273 [f.136]
1790
[Name] New Works Estate  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by William Thomson planter.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/17 274
1792
[Number of enslaved people] 243(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond and New Works  
[Stock] 118  
 

Owned by Jacob I. Bernal, Richmond had 123 enslaved people and 63 stock; New Works had 120 enslaved people and 55 stock.

 
'A list of slaves and stock in the parish of St Ann taken the 28th March 1792 pursuant to order of the Honourable House of Assembly', Edward Long Papers, Add. 12435, transcribed at htt
1794
[Name] Richmond Old and New Works  
[Crop] sugar, rum  
 

Account filed by Charles Fyfe as overseer. Richmond Old Works and Richmond New Works filed together. Crops not differentiated by estate.

 
Accounts Produce, Jamaica Archives 1B/11/4/21 104
1798
[Name] New-Works  
[Crop] Sugar  
 

Plotted in St Ann as a sugar estate with a watermill in James Robertson's 1804 map of Jamaica.

 
To the King's most excellent Majesty, this map of the island of Jamaica, constructed from actual surveys. . . (London, J. Robertson, 1804), based on Robertson's survey of the county of Middlesex which he compeleted in 1798.
1809
[Number of enslaved people] 328(Tot)  
[Name] Edinburgh Castle and Richmond  
[Stock] 185  
 

Registered to Jacob Israel Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1811) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL11Ann.htm. The 1811 Almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter 1809, hence the earlier evolution date.
1811
[Number of enslaved people] 324(Tot)  
[Name] Edinburgh Castle etc.  
[Stock] 260  
 

Registered to Jacob Israel Bernall. Assumed to include Richmond.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1812) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1812mar.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter 1810, hence the earlier transcription date.
1815
[Number of enslaved people] 291(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond and New Works  
[Stock] 107  
 

Registered to Jacob J. Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1816) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL15ann.htm. The 1816 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter 1815, hence the earlier evolution date.
1816
[Number of enslaved people] 299(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond and New Works  
[Stock] 140  
 

Registered to Jacob J. Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1817) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1817_02.htm. The 1817 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter 1816, hence the earlier evolution date.
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 300(Tot) 160(F) 140(M)  
[Name] Richmond Estate  
 

In the possession of Alexander Kidston and Charles Smith as attorneys to Ralph Bernal Esq. for Richmond estate.

 
T 71/43 137-144
1817
[Number of enslaved people] 298(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond and New Works  
[Stock] 137  
 

Registered to Jacob J. Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1818) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1818al06.htm. The 1818 almanac was based on the givings-in of the March Quarter 1817, hence the earlier evolution date.
1819
[Number of enslaved people] 299(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
[Stock] 142  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1820) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/Al20p07.htm. The 1820 Almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 291(Tot) 155(F) 136(M)  
[Name] Richmond Estate  
 

In the possession of Charles Smith as attorney to Ralph Bernal of Richmond Estate [17 births, 25 deaths and 1 transportation].

 
T 71/44 49-51
1820
[Number of enslaved people] 292(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
[Stock] 137  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernall.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1821) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al1821_05.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1822
[Number of enslaved people] 274(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
[Stock] 123  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1823) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1823_04.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1823
[Number of enslaved people] 276(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond Estate  
 

In the possession of Charles Smith as attorney to Ralph Bernal of Richmond Estate [13 births, 28 deaths].

 
T 71/45 48-49
1824
[Number of enslaved people] 270(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
[Stock] 116  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1825) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/a1825_05.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1825
[Number of enslaved people] 267(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
[Stock] 101  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Alamanc (1826) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1826al07.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1826
[Number of enslaved people] 266(Tot)  
[Name] [no name given]  
 

In the possession of Charles Smith as attorney to Ralph Bernal.

 
T 71/46 76-78
1827
[Number of enslaved people] 261(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1828) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1828al08.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1829
[Number of enslaved people] 262(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
 

In the possession of Charles Smith as attorney of Ralph Bernal, owner.

 
T 71/47 [unpaginated]
1830
[Number of enslaved people] 256(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1831) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/1831ann.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1831
[Number of enslaved people] 251(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1832) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/al32ann.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 245(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond Estate  
 

In the possession of Ralph Bernal as owner [return signed by Charles Smith][19 births and 30 deaths; 3 enslaved people manumitted, 1 to workhouse].

 
T 71/49 63
1832
[Number of enslaved people] 251(Tot)  
[Name] Richmond  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1833) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Members/AL33Ann.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.
1839
[Name] Richmond  
[Size] 1416  
 

Registered to Ralph Bernal.

 
Jamaica Almanac (1840) transcribed at http://www.jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples/AL40Ann.htm. The almanac was based on the givings-in of the previous March Quarter, hence the earlier evolution date.